Date of Birth: 05/21/1873
Place of birth: Noyses
Father electroencephalography method
Hans Berger, born May 21, 1873 in Neusa?, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Germany (Neuses, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Germany). After school Berger entered the Jena University. Friedrich Schiller (Friedrich Schiller University of Jena), wishing to become an astronomer. He dropped out after one semester and enrolled for a year of service in the cavalry.
During military exercises his horse suddenly reared, and taking off from the saddle Hans almost landed under the wheels of the cannon, which dragged other horses. The military is responsible for the movement of the artillery battery, barely had time to stop the movement, and the young Berger escaped with minor injuries. Most interesting is that Berger`s sister, who was in the house hundreds of kilometers away, felt at the time that her brother is in danger, and insisted that their father sent a telegram to Hans and inquired about his delah.Spustya years, in 1940, Berger wrote of the incident: `It was a case of spontaneous telepathy, which happened at the moment of mortal danger. When I thought of certain death, my thoughts were transferred sister, who was very close to me. She acted as priemnika`.
After military service Berger, obsessive ideas catch brain signals returned to the university where switched to medicine. In search of `mental energii` he began to deeply investigate the correlation between the objective activity in the brain and subjective psychic phenomena. After receiving his medical degree in 1897, Berger was taken to Otto Ludwig Binswanger (Otto Ludwig Binswanger), head of the department of psychiatry and neurology at the Jena clinic. By 1906 th Berger became a senior lecturer in Jena, and by 1912 th - the chief doctor. He collaborated with Oscar Vogt (Oskar Vogt) and Korbinianom Broadman (Korbinian Brodmann), revealing the physiological features of the lateralization of brain function. In 1927, Hans was appointed rector of the University of Jena.
In 1924, Berger recorded using galvanometer electrical signals from the surface of the head, and he asked for five more years, that in 1929 published his first scientific paper, demonstrating the EEG technique. German medical and scientific institutions have reacted with disbelief and even ridicule, but after British Electrophysics Edgar Douglas Adrian (Edgar Douglas Adrian) and B. Matthews (BHC Matthews) recognized the merits Berger in 1934, the importance of the discovery by the German scientist was awarded and at the international forum in 1937.
Since 1938 electroencephalography began to practice in the diagnosis in the United States (USA), UK (England) and France (France). In the same year, Berger retired at age 65. He received the title of Honorary Professor of Psychology. According to one version, Hans dismissed supporters of the Nazi regime and banned him from any activity related to the EEG. On the other hand, Berger served the Court for hereditary health (Court for Genetic Health). In his diaries, anti-Semitic comments were found. Referred to the post Berger received in 1941 by Karl Astel (Karl Astel), developer of the Nazi eugenic programs. On this Berger replied: `I am delighted to work again as an expert witness in cases of hereditary health in Jena, for which I thank vas`.
After a long struggle with clinical depression and suffering caused by severe skin infection, Hans Berger committed suicide. He hanged June 1, 1941-th in the south wing of the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Jena.