Date of Birth: 05/30/1908
Place of birth: Norrkoping
Hannes Alfven (Alfv & # 233; n, Hannes) (1908-1995) (as Alfven), Swedish physicist and astrophysicist awarded (jointly with L.Neelem) 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his fundamental discoveries in magnetohydrodynamics and their application in plasma physics. Born May 30, 1908 in Norrkoping. He graduated from the University of Uppsala (1934), where he worked until 1937, in 1937 moved to the Nobel Institute of Physics in Stockholm. Since 1940 - Professor of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. Since 1967, at the same time he worked in the University of California in San Diego.
Major works are in the area of ??electrodynamics, plasma physics, astrophysics. Alfven - one of the founders of new scientific discipline - magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), engaged in the study of the behavior of the plasma as a conducting liquid in a magnetic pole.V 1950 opened a new type of wave motion of a conducting medium in a magnetic field - MHD waves, called Alfven later. Hypothesized to explain such cosmic phenomena such as education prominences, sunspots, magnetic storms, the aurora borealis. In 1937 he predicted the existence of galactic magnetic fields. He tried to develop a way to accelerate positive ions using focused electron clusters. The author of "plasma" hypothesis of the Universe.
Alfven was an honorary member of many academies and scientific societies, in particular, a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1958), in 1967 was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1971 - Gold Medal of Lomonosov.
Alfven died in Djursholm April 2, 1995.