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Hannah Arendt

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Date of Birth: 10/14/1906

Age: 69

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Hannah Arendt was born into a Jewish family in Hanover (Germany), October 14, 1906, grew up in Konigsberg. He was educated at Marburg, Freiburg and Heidelberg University, studied with M. Heidegger and K. Jaspers. Before the advent of the Nazis fled to France and then from occupied France in 1941 - in New York. She has taught in many universities in the US, is gradually gaining a reputation as one of the leading political thinkers of the country. Among its fundamental research - Origins of Totalitarianism (The Origins of Totalitarianism, 1951); The situation of human (The Human Condition, 1958) and On Revolution (On Revolution, 1963). Widely known book Eichmann in Jerusalem (Eichmann in Jerusalem, 1963), which caused much controversy about the nature and meaning of the Holocaust.

Works Arendt always distinguished independent judgment, it can not be classed neither conservatives nor progressives; the theory that it put forward, was hardly optimistic or pessimistic. Estimates contemporaries and current events have always been fresh and unconventional look, and historical reconstructions - originality of content and style. Portrait of Adolf Eichmann - not a madman and not a demon, but only a bureaucrat, recklessly performing its administrative functions associated with the mass murder ( "banality of evil") - has turned conventional notions of Nazism, including his own earlier reflections Arendt of "radical evil."

In general, Arendt believed that any policy must be free, just as free to be thinking. The Origins of Totalitarianism is a tendency to the 19th and 20th centuries., Which led to the erosion of the political and philosophical freedom, and in situations of human expands study analyzing how human activity and human situation before, what they are today, and what should be in the future have been arranged . Arendt left unfinished purely philosophical work The life of the mind dedicated to the study of mental activity (mind, will, estimates).

Arendt died in New York on 4 December 1975.

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