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Haints Werner

Picture of Haints Werner

Date of Birth: 02/11/1890

Age: 74

Place of birth: Vienna

Citizenship: United States

Background

In 1926, in Hamburg, he was awarded the title of professor, in 1933 he gave guest lectures at various American universities (Michigan, 1933, Cambridge, 1936), since 1944 has worked as a professor in Brooklyn, from 1947 - at Clark University in Worcester. Werner belonged to the pioneers of comparative developmental psychology.

According to him, the genetic approach can be applied in cases when there is any change in behavior, ie, in comparison, children, differential psychology, abnormal psychology and psihologiinarodov. The development of all forms of life understood them as the implementation of "orthogenetic law", according to which self-developing system transitions from the relative blur, uncertainty and low differentiation to a state of greater clarity, differentiation, communication and hierarchical integration. For this reason, when it comes to a child`s development, the company presents a special factor that provokes the deployment of the inherent child immanent, psychological structures ( "Comparative Psychologyof Mental Development", NY, 1957).

I tried to use the law in a cross-cultural research, especially in the study of the formation of concepts. According to him, in thought as "primitive" man, the representative of the traditional society, where there is no written language, and defective person or child has similar structural elements: a characteristic is the lack of differentiation, syncretism of thought, which is carried out according to the "complexes" (individual, actual perceived and therefore often sluchaynyepriznaki firmly combined into a single way of thinking is not separated from the perception, emotions and actions, there is no distinction between subject and object, just use specific methods of classification). At the same time, modern man, in comparison with the "primitive", and later reaches maturity, but his intellectual development goes on much longer, and without stopping in the early stages.

Werner also conducted studies of speech perception and, in particular, studied the process of switching the orientation of children with an object on the form of his color.