Gustav Gaspar Koriolis
Date of Birth: 05/21/1792
Place of Birth: Paris
From 1816 he began teaching at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he soon became a professor and later the director of the training school. In 1836, Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis becomes a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences.
Coriolis gave the final wording of the relative motion of the theory by introducing the concept of so-called "Coriolis force" and "Coriolis acceleration". Also known scientific developments of the accelerations in the absolute and relative movements, which will later be called the Coriolis theorem. I discovered the phenomenon of creep.
The simplest example of the use of the Coriolis force - an effect of acceleration torsion dancers. To accelerate its rotation, a person can start spinning with widely divorced in the parties hands, and then - in the process - the sharply pressed his hands to the body, which will cause an increase in peripheral speed (according to the law of conservation of angular momentum).
The effect of Coriolis forces manifest in the fact that such movement arms have put efforts not only toward the body, but also in the direction of rotation. At the same time there is a feeling that the hands are repelled from something, and the even more accelerated.
The importance of the work had Coriolis dedicated to the calculation of machine operation, collision of elastic spheres, and other developments.
Died Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis September 19, 1843 in Paris.