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Guido Westerwelle

Picture of Guido Westerwelle

Date of Birth: 12/27/1961

Age: 54

Place of birth: Bad Honnef

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Westerwelle (Guido Westerwelle) was born December 27, 1961 in the West German town of Bad Honnef. His parents were lawyers Hynes (Heinz) and Erika (Erika) Westerwelle: they divorced when Guido was 8 years old, after which he lived with his father. In school, Westerwelle was fond of horse riding and began to take an interest in politics. In 1980 he graduated from the Bonn school name Ernst Moritz Arndt`s (Ernst-Moritz-Arndt Gymnasium) and joined the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP). In the same year he entered the University of Bonn (Universitat Bonn), where he studied law. In 1987 and 1991, Westerwelle passed the state legal examination and until 1996 practiced law in Bonn. In 1994, the University of Hagen (Fernuniversitat in Hagen) Westerwelle defended his thesis for a doctorate in law relating to the "party law and political youth organizations."

Parallel studies Westerwelle engaged in politics. He was one of the first members of the organization "Young Liberals" (JuLis), was created as the youth wing of the FDP instead of "Young Democrats" (JuDen). JuDen supported FDP coalition with the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), while JuLis advocated cooperation with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), then headed by Helmut Kohl (Helmut Kohl). In 1983 he was elected leader Westerwelle JuLis and in 1988 became a member of the executive committee of the FDP. During the unification of Germany and the German Democratic Republic in 1990. Westerwelle has actively supported the exchange of East German marks for West German Exchange 1:1 (with some restrictions). Production in the GDR as a result of such exchange has faced big problems because it is unprofitable, but Westerwelle argued that otherwise would the process of German reunification did not take place.

From 1993 to 2000, Westerwelle served as chairman of the city branch of the FDP in Bonn. In 1994 he was appointed General Secretary of the FDP in 1996 for the first time became a member of the Bundestag. In May 2001, Westerwelle was elected chairman of the FDP, succeeding Wolfgang Gerhardt (Wolfgang Gerhardt) and for the first time in the history of the party decided not to position it as a minor political force and announced his candidacy for the post of Chancellor in the parliamentary elections of 2002. Despite the active political campaign the FDP gained only 6 percent of the vote instead of 18 percent, which are expected to Westerwelle. However, according to analysts, a serious blow to the party rating caused when one of the regional party leaders FDP Jurgen Myulleman (Juergen Moellemann), speaking shortly before the election with the anti-Semitic statements.

In 2006, Gerhardt Westerwelle replaced as head of the FDP group in the Bundestag. Before the election in 2009, the head of the FDP said that the program provides for the SPD too heavy a tax burden for the middle class, and because a coalition after the election between the two parties is not possible. [8] He himself called for tax cuts and suggested to weaken the protection of workers against dismissal, and in small and medium-sized businesses and does it cancel.

In the parliamentary elections, which took place in Germany in September 2009, the FDP won 14.5 percent of the vote. It was planned that the party Westerwelle will create a coalition with the Christian Social Union (CSU), the CDU and Angela Merkel, act together a coalition of the CDU / CSU-led with Frank-Walter Steinmeier of the SPD. It was expected that Westerwelle, Steinmeier will replace the post of Vice-Chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs and all the Liberals can get in the new government 4 or 5 ministerial portfolios. However, some experts expressed the view that, contrary to tradition, Westerwelle will be headed by the Ministry of Finance in negotiations with Merkel abandon the most radical proposals of the program, including those relating to the rights of employees, because the CDU did not intend to have to change social policy.

October 24, 2009 Merkel and Westerwelle announced that they had agreed on the terms of the coalition. Westerwelle was to take in the new cabinet post of Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the CDU-CSU agreed to a tax reduction, although not to the extent that like in the FDP. October 28 Westerwelle took the post of Vice-Chancellor and Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany.

One of the main slogans Westerwelle was a struggle with the German bureaucracy, as he was an active critic of the trade unions and demanded to reduce their powers. In foreign policy, Westerwelle demanded a speedy withdrawal of German troops from Afghanistan, advocated that the United States withdrew from the German territory of nuclear missiles and was against Turkey joining the European Union.

Westerwelle spoke out against the participation of the former German Chancellor and head of the SPD of Gerhard Schroeder in the "Nord Stream": in his opinion, Schroeder "has given us the work, and then he got a job in this company."

Westerwelle has an honorary degree of Doctor of Hanyang University in Seoul (Hanyang University). He is a member of the Board of Directors of the organization of transatlantic cooperation Atlantik-Brucke and the Board of Trustees of the German Foundation for AIDS.

Westerwelle is an open homosexual. The first homosexual desire he showed at school but for the first time appeared in public with his partner, sports manager Michael Mrontsem (Michael Mronz), in 2004. Then, many critics have stated that his appearance at the birthday Merkel Westerwelle turned into political representation, making sure that the recognition of homosexual attitudes will not worsen the rating of his party. The official biography Westerwelle said that he is interested in music, books and collecting contemporary art. He also engaged in horse-riding, jogging, beach volleyball and mountain biking.