Grigoriy Verzhbitskiy

Picture of Grigoriy Verzhbitskiy

Date of Birth: 01/25/1875

Age: 67

Place of birth: Letichev

Citizenship: Russia


From burghers Podolia. Service in the Russian army began in 1893 as a volunteer in the 45th infantry regiment of Azov, from 1894 - a non-commissioned officer. He graduated from the Odessa infantry cadet school (1897), served in the 30th infantry regiment of Poltava. Member of Russian-Japanese War, the company commander of the 11th Regiment of the Semipalatinsk from 1905 - Captain. For Military Merit he was awarded the Order of St. Anne`s 4-th degree with the inscription "For Bravery", the Order of St. Stanislav 3rd Class with Swords.

Since 1913 - the captain. According to his own will he became part of the expeditionary force sent by July 12, 1913 in Mongolia for the protection of communications during the unrest. Commanding a detachment, August 31, 1913 took a Chinese fortress Sharasume.

Member of the First World War, the battalion commander of the 44th Siberian Rifle Regiment. The battle was twice wounded and bruised for Military Merit promoted to lieutenant colonel, then colonel (October 1916). Valor was awarded the St. George`s arms. In 1916 he was awarded the Order of St. George 4-th degree

for the fact that being a captain, 29th August 1915 at Zelvianka when a waste of neighboring parts laid bare the left flank of the regiment and had the situation that threatens the way waste division, on his own initiative to the team of 100 people rushed to the enemy, bayonet threw it across the river Zelvianka than helped retain our position and that provided a further retreat.

He was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir 4-th degree with Swords, Order of St. Anna 3rd Class with Swords, Order. St. Anne 2 nd Class with Swords, Order of St. Stanislav 2 nd Class with Swords. Also received the George Cross 4-th degree with palm branches (the award entered by the Provisional Government for the officers for bravery and is awarded by the decision of the soldiers).

In 1917 - the commander of the formed 536 th Infantry Regiment Efremov 134th Infantry Division. On September 1, 1917 - the brigade commander, 134 th Infantry Division. After the Bolsheviks came to power and move the actual command to the soldiers` committees, not recognizing the election of officers in the army, he refused the offer to him as chief of the 134th Infantry Division. For this he was tried by the general meeting housing committees and sentenced for disobedience to the Soviet government to death, but he was able to escape, he is saved loyal soldiers.

December 8, 1917 went to Omsk, then lived in Ust-Kamenogorsk, where he formed the officers` organization, an active participant in the anti-Bolshevik uprising in the city in June 1918,. Since June 1918 - Head of the 1st Steppe Siberian Rifle Division (26 August, she was renamed 4 th Siberian Rifle division). July 20, 1918 was promoted to major general by the Provisional Siberian Government made for the capture of Tyumen. In the autumn of the same year, in command of the Western-Siberian detachment, the Bolshevik troops knocked out of the river and city Alapayevsk Tavda pool, Nizhny Tagil and Verkhoturye, took Gornozavodsky area. He participated in the Perm operation.

On January 12, 1919 - Commander of the 3rd Army Corps Steppe Siberian Siberian army. In the same month, for distinguished service on the mastery of the Ural Mountains promoted to lieutenant general. Successfully he acted in Kungur operation (January - March 1919). The spring offensive in 1919 white troops corps of General GA Verzhbitsky after heavy fighting captured April 7 Votkinsk plant and its parts have Izhevsk April 13. It was authorized by the government with the rights of the Governor-General to the liberated areas of Western Siberia. He was awarded the French Croix de Guerre (Croix de Guerre) with a palm branch (April 9, 1919), the Order of St. George the 3rd degree (4 July 1919) for Kungur operation, the Order of St. Vladimir 3rd Class with Swords.

Since June 1919 - the commander of the Southern Group of Forces of the Siberian army. After leaving the Urals, from July 20, 1919, this group became known as the Southern Group of Forces of the 2nd Army. During the Great Siberian Ice March at the end of 1919 he was appointed head of the column, on the rights of army commander, as a part of the South and Tobolsk groups. He was awarded the Order "For Great Siberian march" of the 1st degree.

February 22, 1920 in Chita due to reduce the number of the 2nd Army General Verzhbitsky was reduced in the 2nd Separate Infantry Corps. From March 30 to July 4, 1920, he led the fight against the Reds in Nerchinsk-Sretinskom area. He commanded a group of Siberian troops, departed in the Trans-Baikal region. In August 1920 he was appointed temporary commander of the Far Eastern Army. October 22, 1920 from Chita retreated with the army in Manchuria. At the beginning of 1921 under the contract with the representatives of the Primorsky regional management units under the command of General housed in Grodekovo, Nikolsk-Ussuri, Razdolny and Vladivostok. In January 1921 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly of the Far Eastern Republic (DDA).

Since May 1921, after coming to power in Primorye right government, in command of the Provisional Government of the Amur troops, which are based on Army Gen. VM Molchanov. In October 1921 - June 1922 was the manager of the Naval Office of the Minister of War with the rights of the Provisional Government of the Amur. June 1, 1922 troops handed over command to Lieutenant-General MK Diteriks, August 8, 1922 appointed assistant magistrates Zemsky rati, which was proclaimed Diteriks.

After the defeat of Zemsky ratification at the end of October 1922 he emigrated to China, going to the white part of the border area in Hunchun. He was interned and taken to a camp in the city of Jilin. In May 1923 released, he lived in Harbin, where earned a living as the owner of a ladies` hat shop. Since 1928 - Chairman of the Russian national community. In 1930 he was appointed Assistant Chief of the Far Eastern Department of the Russian All-Military Union (EMRO). From 1931 he was chairman of the committee of elders Russian national squad. After the occupation of Manchuria by Japanese troops for refusing to lead the formation of the Russian division of the Japanese army was sent in 1934, the Japanese authorities in Tianjin (China). He lived on the territory of the British concession, headed the local branch of EMRO.

After the occupation of northern China by Japanese troops in 1937-1938 was under continuous threat of arrest by the occupation authorities for refusing to participate in the formation of Russian military units for the Japanese army. Buried in Tianjin in the Russian part of the International Cemetery.