Grigoriy Gershuni

Picture of Grigoriy Gershuni

Citizenship: Russia


Gershuni Gregory A. (1870 - 1908, Zurich) - one of the leaders of the Socialist-Revolutionaries. I came from the middle class. Not graduated from high school because of lack of funds, Gershuni passed the exams of pharmacy student and in 1895 entered the pharmaceutical courses of Kiev University. In 1896 Gershuni was first arrested for communicating with members of the student movement, but quickly released. Having pharmacist profession, Gershuni worked in Moscow at the Institute of Experimental Medicine, and in 1898 moved to Minsk, where he founded a laboratory for bacteriological studies. At this time, Gershuni has already become a convinced socialist, ready to deal with the current regime legally and illegally. In his spare time, he took an active part in the organization of cultural and educational work: organized a primary school for boys, and has lectured in Saturday school for adults. Acquired numerous dating Gershuni allowed to start a successful illegal roar. activities: he built a workshop of machines for underground printing, created the manufacture of illegal passports office. Together with EK Catherine Breshkovsky Gershuni organized the transportation of illegal literature from abroad. In 1901, he was arrested and taken to Moscow, where he was interrogated by SV Zubatov. Since formal evidence against Gershuni was not Zubatov kept confidential talks on the policy of the government, the Jewish question, the legalization of the labor movement, and others. And when they come to the conclusion that in front of him an intellectual, to-cerned can then be used, released him. As the researcher D. Zaslavsky, "a talented revolutionary artfully deceived talented guard." Gershuni went abroad, where under the influence of his and Catherine Breshkovsky become party to form the Socialist-Revolutionaries. Gershuni scheme first outlined the military organization of the party and outlined its objectives, considering that the "Combat Organization, not only does the act of self-defense, but also acts aggressively, bringing fear and disorganization in the scope of the ruling." Infecting their fanaticism, Gershuni attracted youth, picking up those who were capable of terrorist acts. In 1902, he returned to Russia and organized the murder of the Minister of Interior DS Sipiagin, governor of Ufa NM Bogdanovich, an attempt on the governor of the Kharkiv IM Obolensky. Persuaded terrorist, intelligent, strong-willed, Gershuni could seek unquestioning execution of orders. In May 1903 he was arrested and held in solitary confinement in the Peter and Paul Fortress. In 1904 he was sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment and transferred to Shlisselburg. In 1905 he was sent to Eastern Siberia, in Akatuevskuyu jail, from where he fled in 1906 through China in the United States. Subsequently, he worked in Europe. Already gravely ill, knowing that E. Azef, who became head of the military organization after the arrest of Gershuni, accused of an agent provocateur, wanted to go to Russia to jointly Azev murder Nicholas II, the order that act to rehabilitate his successor. Gershuni - author of the memoir "From the recent past" (St. Petersburg, 1907.). He died of sarcoma. He was buried at Montparnasse Cemetery near the grave of PL Lavrov, whom he regarded as his teacher.