Giovanni Francesco Busenello
Date of Birth: 09/24/1598
Place of birth: Venice
He was born September 24, 1598 in Venice (Venice), in a rich family of high position, and studied as historians believe, the University of Padua (University of Padua), which, in his own words, his mentors were outstanding Venetian lawyer Paolo Sarpi (Paolo Sarpi) and no less famous philosopher Cesare Cremonini (Cesare Cremonino).
In 1623 Busenello opened his own law practice, and by some accounts has made very impressive progress in the chosen field at an early age. He was also a member of several literary academies, the most famous of which - `Umoristi`,` Imperfetti` and `Accademia degli Incogniti`. In this latest of these academies for years defined the literary aspect of Venetian opera.
The artistic heritage Busenello quite extensive and includes a number of poems addressed to singers.
He died October 27, 1659 in the town of Legnaro (Legnaro), not far from Padua.
Place in musical history, Giovanni Francesco Busenello secured five of his libretto, all of which were written for the Venetian opera and put Claudio Monteverdi (Claudio Monteverdi) and Francesco Cavalli (Francesco Cavalli). His libretto for the opera `Love Apollo and Dafny` (Gli amori d`Apollo e di Dafne), Cavalli created in 1640, largely based on the tragicomedy `Il pastor fido` (` Faithful pastuh`) poet and diplomat Giovanni Battista Guarini ( Giovanni Battista Guarini); while the libretto for `Coronation Poppei` (L`incoronazione di Poppea), Monteverdi created in 1642-m, notably those with a force and vivacity Busenello wrote some characters.
Among his other works - all of them were written for Cavalli - `Didona` (La Didone, 1641); `La prosperit & # 224; infelice di Giulio Cesare dittatore`, 1646 (unfortunately, the music for this opera was lost); and `Stateira Princess Persii` (Statira principessa di Persia, 1656).
. Patrick J. Smith (Patrick J. Smith), in his study on the opera`s libretto, called `La prosperit & # 224; infelice di Giulio Cesare dittatore` Busenello greatest achievement and a real masterpiece of epic libretto.
Busenello also wrote six of the libretto, `La Discesa di Enea all`Inferno` (1640), which, however, are not included in the collection published in 1656 work.