Place of birth: Piedmont
Political Theory Botero
Giovanni Botero was born approx. 1544-th in the northern Italian principality of Piedmont (Piedmont). He studied at the Jesuit college in Palermo (Palermo) to 15 years. A year later, Botero moved to the Roman College (Roman College). In 1565 th he was sent to teach philosophy and rhetoric at the Jesuit colleges in France (France), first in the Bill (Billom), then in Paris (Paris).
The second half of the 16th century religious wars in France, tore it apart, and Botero became acutely aware of the consequences of the split within the country, staying in Paris in 1567-1569 gg. After he showed himself too vigorously in protest anti-Spanish, Botero recalled to Italy (Italy). In 1570, he rushed out of the Jesuit college in another. The 1580th iz-za freely interpreted doctrinal teachings Botero was summoned for questioning by the papacy and expelled from the Jesuits.
Giovanni became the personal assistant to the bishop Carlo Borromeo (Carlo Borromeo) in Milan (Milan). Bishop presented his servant church administration, in close contact with the nobility of northern Italy. After the death of Charles in 1584-m, Botero continued to serve at Federico`s nephew Carlo. However, most of the 1585-th Giovanni held in France on behalf of Charles Emmanuel I (Charles Emmanuel I).
By the end of 1580s Botero has published several works, among which stood out a poem dedicated to Henry III (Henry III), and notes to the Hebrew Scriptures, entitled `On Kingly Wisdom`.
In 1588 he released the first `On the Causes of the Greatness of Cities` ( `Delle cause della grandezza delle citta`), the work anticipated the writings of Thomas Malthus (Thomas Malthus).
A year later, Botero finished his most famous work, `The Reason of State` (` Della ragion di Stato` / `State blago`), which claimed that the prince`s power should in some form consistent with the needs of citizens, and that the prince ought make every effort to win the love and respect of the people. The idea of ??this fair was born in the mind of Botero as a result of familiarization with Thomistic thought, and with the natural law, common to the system of the Jesuit college, is strongly influenced by the Dominican theologian Francisco de Vitoria (Francisco de Vitoria) and scholastic philosopher Domingo de Soto (Domingo de Soto ).
In the 1590s Botero continued to remain in the service of Federico Borromeo, who in 1595, he became archbishop of Milan. Giovanni rotating in this period in the high society of Rome (Rome) and Milan, wrote another famous work of his, `Relazioni Universali`, issued in four volumes in the 1591-1598 biennium. The fifth volume was published in the late 19th century.
Job Federico Borromeo came to an end in 1599-m, and Botero returned to the House of Savoy, where he remained a mentor three sons of Charles Emmanuel. Giovanni three went to a trip to Spain (Spain) from 1603 till 1607-th, during which, no doubt, spoke with close advisers of Philip III (Philip III), which passed on his ideas to approximate the person of Philip IV (Philip IV) , the Count-Duke of Olivares (Conde-Duque de Olivares).
Olivares probably enjoyed labor Botero `The Reason of State`, to map out a common strategy to save the Spanish empire in his famous work `Memorial on the Union of Arms`. There is evidence that Maximilian, Duke of Bavaria (Duke Maximilian of Bavaria), one of the most staunch supporters of the Catholic political reform and a leading figure of the Thirty Years War, discussed `The Reason of State` with his advisers.
Giovanni Botero died in 1617-m.