Giambattista Vico

Picture of Giambattista Vico

Date of Birth: 06/23/1668

Age: 75

Citizenship: Italy


Born in Naples, June 23, 1668 in the family of a bookseller. He studied in several schools, including the Jesuit College. At a very early age became interested in philosophical questions, a new philosophy of Descartes, has studied metaphysics and civil law, read Plato, Tacitus, Machiavelli. In 1699-1708 he was a professor of the University of Naples rhetoric. Vico tried to obtain a position as a professor of civil law; When he was refused, immersed in the study of the origin estestvennogoprava, studied philosophy 17 and 18 centuries. Studies Vico expanded the scope of the tasks and the Foundations of the new science of the general nature of nations (Principi di una scienza nuova d`intorno alla comune natura delle nazione .., or simply Scienza nuova), withstood several editions (in particular, in 1725 , 1730 and posthumously in 1744), and many fixes tried not only to describe the history of natural law, but also to find the perfect scheme of universal history.

Vico advanced cyclic teoriyurazvitiya society. According to his conception, development cycles, which Providence has step-by-step guide humanity from barbarism to civilization, history passed from ancient times to the era of Rome`s decline and again from the "new barbarism" Dark Ages to the Enlightenment. The thought of the hand of Providence has a religious character - Vico was a faithful son of the Church - but at the same time it influenced the ideas of Pico della Mirandola, of Hobbes, Francis Bacon, Hugo Grotius, and even Descartes. His own thought had an impact on Cousin, Michelet, Herder, Hegel, Comte, Croce, Gentile, Spengler. Another area of ??influence - the tradition of "understanding" in the face of V.Dilteya and R.Dzh.Kollingvuda. Some ideas of Vico, such as the mutual hostility of social classes, were close to Marxism. His other works - The life of Giambattista Vico, written by himself (1725, with additions in 1728 and 1731) and in Latin De antiquissima Italorum sapientia (about the ancient wisdom of the Italians, 1710). Died Vico in Naples January 23, 1744.