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Getulio Vargas

Picture of Getulio Vargas

Date of Birth: 04/10/1882

Age: 72

Place of birth: San Borja

Citizenship: Brazil

Background

Born April 10, 1882 in San Borja, on the western border of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Young Getulio soon left school and enrolled in a military school, but soon left the army, having been engaged in law and journalism. Step by step he rose to power, he became a member of the state legislature, the National Congress in Rio de Janeiro (1923-1926) and the governor in his home state (1927). Being able administrator, he paid great attention to the social and economic reforms, and even organized unions. With the support of the workers, he announced his candidacy for the presidential election of 1930, promising in the election program of broad social and administrative reforms. To protest the election of Julio Prestes, he mutinied and ran a successful campaign to Rio de Janeiro. After that ruled the country as interim president until he was elected constitutional assembly in 1934. From 1932 to 1945, he ruled as a dictator. In 1937, under his leadership, it has been prepared and adopted a constitution, which declared Brazil "New State". In 1937, Vargas dissolved the Congress and banned all political parties. During the Second World War, he, after some hesitation, took the side of the Allies. He had a large US aid, providing important military air and naval bases in northern Brazil, and placing a large amount of raw material for the production of weapons. His government has done considerable work on the unification and industrialization of Brazil, but at the end of World War II, people tired of his hard rule. After the October Revolution in 1945 Vargas was forced to resign. At the next national elections, was elected senator from Rio Grande do Sul. To sit in the Senate until 1950, when as a candidate in the presidential election. After earning the most votes, in 1951 he assumed the position of a new five-year term. The policy followed the same course, but the economic difficulties affected his popularity and increased criticism from conservative circles. In August 1954 the higher army officers demanded his resignation. Died Vargas in Rio de Janeiro, August 24, 1954.