Gerard Peter Kuiper
Date of Birth: 07/12/1905
Place of birth: Harenkarspel
Citizenship: United States
In 1960 he organized the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona.
Kuiper was a recognized authority in the field of stellar physics. His first scientific works devoted to the study of binary stars. He discovered many new double stars and white dwarfs.
Gerard Peter Kuiper - author of the concept, that more than half the nearest star to the Sun - double or multiple systems. In 1937 he published the first chart of the spectrum and luminosity dependencies for galactic star clusters.
First opened spectroscopic method carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere and found the atmosphere of Titan, the icy particles in Saturn`s rings. Determine the content of water vapor in the atmosphere of Venus, discovered the fifth satellite of Uranus Miranda, the second satellite of Neptune Nereid, it was the most comprehensive photographic survey of the asteroid.
One of the leaders of the research program of the Moon, he discovered basaltic composition of the surface of the lunar maria. Supervised program of photographing the moon from space vehicles.
Kuiper was an atlas of infrared solar spectrum theoretically predicted coexistence belt of comets surrounding the solar system, nalichiekotorogo was proven 20 years after the death of the astronomer, and the belt was his name. In honor of the Kuiper asteroid named and craters on Mars, the Moon and Mercury.
Gerard Peter Kuiper was awarded a medal. Janssen, the French Astronomical Society and a medal. Rittenhauza US National Academy of Sciences.
Kuiper died in Mexico City on December 23, 1973 at the 69th year of life.