Gerald Brosseau Gardner
Date of Birth: 06/13/1884
Place of birth: Glen
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Gardner was born in Glen, The Serpentine, Blandellsends, near Liverpool, England, into a wealthy family. His family traced to Grissel Gardner, who was burned as a witch in 1610 in Newburgh. Gardner`s grandfather married a woman who had the reputation of witches [source not specified 109 days]. It was believed that some distant relatives Gardner had psychic abilities.
Gerald was the middle of three sons. He was brought up Irish nurse Josephine "Com" McComb. Gardners has been a family business company, "Joseph Gardner & Sons," one of the oldest in the UK companies involved in the supply of wood. From early childhood, Gardner suffered from asthma. Babysitting Gerald persuaded parents of the need to bring the boy to the continent with a warmer climate. First Kom traveled to Europe and then married a man who lived in Ceylon. In the end, they both settled in Asia, where Gardner spent much of his young years. Later he moved to Borneo and then to Malaysia, where he grew the rubber. There he met with local residents and studied their religious beliefs, which made a great impression on him.
After 1923, he served as a civil servant, in particular, served as a government inspector in Malaya. In 1927 he married an Englishwoman Donna, with whom he lived in Married for more than 33 years. In 1936, at age 52, he retired and returned to England. He has published essays "Chris and the other Malay weapons" (1936), based on his field research in the area of ??south-east Asian weapons and magical practices.
In the same year Gerald and Donna moved from London to Highcliffe, located to the south of the New Forest, Hampshire. Here he began to enthusiastically engage in the occult and nudism.
Gardner became a member of the "Society of Folklore" (eng. Folklore Society) in 1939. His first contribution to the magazine "Folklore", released in June 1939, was the description of the boxes with the magical relics. Later, in 1946, he became a member of the public committee. Gardner sought to obtain a variety of titles. At one time, he argued that the university has a PhD in Singapore and Toulouse.
Gardner published two literary works, "The coming of the Goddess" (1939) and "Help High Magic" (1949) under the pseudonym of Skyrim. Then he published two more books, "Witchcraft Today" (1954), and "Meaning of Witchcraft" (1959), which describes Gardner witchcraft tradition, which was dedicated. He argued that the "Help High Magic" - is an attempt to describe the tradition under the guise of literary works, without disclosing secrets. Being bound by a vow of silence, he received permission to reveal "the true essence of witchcraft" only after the abolition of the witching Act (Eng. Witchcraft Act) in 1951.
In 1960, Gardner`s wife, Donna, has died. Her death had a negative impact on his health: asthma attacks resumed. In 1964, Gardner died of a heart attack, the ship on which he was returning from a trip to Lebanon. He was buried on the shore of Tunisia, the next stop of the ship. Only the captain of the ship The Scottish Prince attended his funeral.