George I

Picture of George I

Date of Birth: 12/24/1845

Age: 67

Place of birth: Copenhagen

Nationality: Greece


George was born in Copenhagen (Copenhagen); He was the second son of Prince Christian Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glyuksburgskogo (Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gl & # 252; cksburg) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (Louise of Hesse-Kassel). Full name George - Prince Christian Wilhelm Ferdinand Adolf Georg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glyukburgsky (Prince Christian Wilhelm Ferdinand Adolf Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gl & # 252; cksburg); however, before climbing to the Greek throne, he was better known as Prince William.

In 1852-m father George became a potential heir of the childless King of Denmark; his family which received the titles of princes and princesses.

For a while George was planning to make a career in the navy; however, in the 17 years of his plans have changed dramatically - it proclaimed King of Greece. It`s funny that the throne George atonement already March 30, 1863-th - in the six months before his father became king. The young Danish prince was not the first option that came to mind to the Greeks; while they pondered the candidature of Prince Alfred (Prince Alfred). In 1832, however, the UK passed a law prohibiting the royals to take the crown; it should also be noted that Alfred`s mother - Queen Victoria (Queen Victoria) - was originally ardent opponent of the whole business. It was then that the Greeks look and turned to Prince William.

In Athens (Athens) newly-born king arrived on 30 October. Georg was determined not to repeat the mistakes of his predecessor. First of all, the king learned Greek; In addition, he often appeared on the streets of the capital in a rather informal way - while King Otto (Otto) be published only with the pump. Some time was spent on the restoration abideth not in the best shape of the palace. Alien influence Georg pointedly ignored; carefully he tried not to be influenced by the Danes - for the sake of it even expelled from the country`s own uncle, Prince Julius (Prince Julius).

November 28, 1864 th Georg swore to defend the new constitution that was created with the direct participation. From that moment it began to play a major role by representatives chosen by the people; King knew that the elections corrupt enough, but after deduction of such a form of government considered optimal.

In the period from 1864 till 1910 the first in the country have been 21 general elections and was replaced by 70 governments.

Considerable attention is paid Georg and foreign policy. Pretty good relationship he had with a half-brother Edward (Edward) - the future king of Great Britain; namely Edward George asked for help on the Cretan question.

During a trip to Russia - which at that time already lived published for the Russian imperial family member of George`s sister, Dagmar (Dagmar) - King met with Princess Olga Konstantinovna. October 27, 1867 th Georg and Olga were married; in marriage they were born 8 children.

As a result of the Russian-Turkish War, Greece was able to somewhat expand its borders; Unfortunately, excessive aggressiveness during negotiations cost them some public domain. Bad things were inside the country - by the end of the 19th century, Greece was at the peak of prosperity and is considered one of the strongest in Europe. Unfortunately, the Greek army to confront Britain still could not; especially brightly it has become evident after joining the Nationalist government. Unsuccessful attempt Theodoros Deliyanisa (Theodoros Deligiannis) mobilize armies of Greece, and under the guise of unrest in Bulgaria (Bulgaria), further to expand the borders of the country, shows King George that from his extensive family ties is not always alone use - Block Greece British fleet commanded by Prince Alfred . Deliyanis prime minister lost; the place of his atonement had already managed to burn the negotiations Charilaos Trikoupis (Charilaos Trikoupis).

Nothing good came from attempts to intervene in the uprising in Crete (Crete); Greek troops were shattered - and the only consolation was that it happened relatively quickly. Crete became an independent territory, and Georg few spoiled relations with Russia, Britain and their own people.

After the death of Queen Victoria, January 22, 1901 th Georg he became the second-longest reign of a monarch in Europe. His warm relationship with King Edward helped strengthen ties with Greece, the United Kingdom - which was especially important given the fact that Britain has actively supported the son of King George, Prince George (Prince George), the then position of governor-general of Crete. In 1906, however, the post of Georg yet lost - arranged after the leader of the Cretan Assembly (Cretan Assembly) Eleftherios Venizelos (Eleftherios Venizelos) a large-scale campaign. With George I by Venizelos was able to find a common language; among other things, they are united in the belief that Greece requires an extremely strong army. Under the leadership of Crown Prince Constantine and Venizelos (Crown Prince Constantine) army has been seriously modified, the soldiers got a decent outfit and a decent training and fleet - several new ships. Do not waste time the Greeks and on the diplomatic front - Venizelos is actively set up the Balkan Christians against the Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Empire).

Justified in the eyes of the people, Georg managed during the Balkan War - then the Greek army won a series of convincing victories. At the end of the war the country has increased the territory nearly doubled. Alas, long rest on its laurels George was not possible; March 18, 1913 on, he was shot. The king, as usual, was walking through the city without protection - and a murderer, a Alexandros Shinas (Alexandros Schinas), was able to shoot almost at point blank range. Some have argued that Shinas was a socialist, others called him an anarchist; According to the official version, the killing of a political motive for all had, and Shinas was an ordinary bandit and a drunkard.