Date of Birth: 1815
Place of birth: Sansuike
Citizenship: United States
at the Washington Indians Specialist
The negotiations with the Native Americans were always difficult and demanding, among other things, considerable knowledge in the culture of these peoples. Fairly ordinary Americans facilitated such talks presence in their ranks of expert ethnologists - like the well-known at the time of George Gibbs.
Gibbs was born in Sansuike, Long Island, New York (Sunswick, Long Island New York), in the family mineralogist George Gibbs (George Gibbs) and his wife, Laura Wolcott Gibbs (Laura Wolcott Gibbs). On his mother`s side, Gibbs was the grandson of Oliver Wolcott (Oliver Wolcott) - American politician, who participated in the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
After high school, 17-year-old Gibbs was unable to get into West Point; Instead, he spent some time wandering around Europe, and then got into Harvard. After receiving in 1838-th degree in law, George returned to New York, where he practiced for some time.
In 1840 DzhordzhGibbs played a key role in the revival of the Historical Society of New York; here it is in the period from 1842 till 1848 he worked as a librarian. We also know that Gibbs was a staunch supporter of the Whig party.
In the 1849 California Gold Rush Gibbs pulled to the west. I got right up to George Fort Leavenworth (Fort Leavenworth); where he somewhat changed his plans and decided to focus not on the hunt for gold, but something fundamentally different. Among the regiment of mounted riflemen William Loring (William W. Loring), he arrived at Fort Vancouver (Fort Vancouver), where he found the legendary `Map Smita`. Apparently, during this period, and Gibbs met with Peter Skene Ogden; later they were quite active correspondence.
After working in the customs service in Oregon, Gibbs thought about the continuation of the practice of law; Soon, however, he has turned more interesting to do - in the spring of 1851 he was invited to the committee, engaged in negotiations with the Indians. Later George again and again faced with all sorts of Native American tribes, having a proper study of their customs and gather broad base notes of different local ethnic groups.
Closer to 1853 mu Gibbs moved to Washington, DC; where he was promoted to the anthropologist, geologist and naturalist George McClellan in the team (George McClellan). At the end of the first expedition, George wrote a report on Indian tribes vashintonskih land and geology of the central part of the study area. In early March of 1854, George reports sent to the employer, then settled negotiator to the local governor. Over time, Gibbs became famous as one of the leading specialists in Indian languages ??and customs in the region; his talents have helped to persuade the Indians to the governor to sign the necessary agreement.
It was on the advice of the Gibbs reservations, it was decided to build a small, but numerous - so ethnologist recommended to solve the problem of possible conflicts of different tribes and communities.
In the period from 1857 till 1862 th Gibbs worked in the northern part of the country; among other things, he studied the growth of the local forests. In 1862 th he returned briefly to New York; among other things, he had to take part in the riots which took place there. After that, George returned to Washington, where he spent the last 10 years of his life.
Among other things, Gibbs went on to study Indian languages ??and has worked closely with the Smithsonian Institution.
In 1871, George moved to live in New Haven, Connecticut (New Haven Connecticut); where he in 1873 and died. His collection of cards - including those containing many interesting notes `Smita` Map - George handed the American Geographical Society, where most of them are very long lost in the archives.