Date of Birth: 1929
He graduated from the Philological Faculty of Moscow State University and post-graduate Institute of World Literature of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Institute of World Literature), in 1983 he received the degree of Doctor of Philology. He worked at the Institute of World Literature, the Institute of History of Science and Technology, and from 1985 and in the Slavic and Balkan Institute (now - Institute of Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences).
Among the most famous Gacheva books were "Inevitable: accelerated development of literature", "National images of the world: General", "National images of the world: Eurasia - Space nomad farmer and mountaineer", "Science and the national culture: Humanities comment to science" (all he intended to publish a series of 16 volumes, each of which would be dedicated to one of the people), "The book of surprise, or a Natural eyes humanitarian or images in science."
In one essay Gachev formulated as to sound his epitaph: "Missing time lived happily."