Date of Birth: 06/12/1924
Place of birth: Milton
Citizenship: United States
The presidential elections in 1988 were largely a referendum on the status quo, and they talked about new initiatives. Due to the lack of meaningful conflict subjects Bush advisers have made the election campaign patriotic symbols and hidden in society fears of crime and racism, so as to mobilize voters. George W. Bush`s victory over unsuccessfully fought and suffer from family problems to former Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis, was unambiguous, even if it was not immediately possible to recognize the political mandate. Bush was the president who came to calm the developing time, "innate" Reagan`s successor.
In the face of the Bush White House has entered a completely different person than Reagan, in which he served for eight years as vice president. Bush`s career can be compared with a career politician in a parliamentary system of government in Western Europe, it can even be called a political aristocrat Tory. George Herbert Walker Bush was born June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts, and grew up in New England. His father Prekott Bush was highly respected banker on Wall Stritte, was a member of the supervisory boards of large companies and represented from 1952 to 1963, Connecticut in the Senate in Washington. George Bush attended Phillips Academy in high school in Andover, Massachusetts, one of the most prestigious boarding schools on the East Coast. After leaving school in 1942, followed by service Zgoda naval aviator, then 2 and a half years of study at the famous Yale University in Connecticut. Even during the war, Bush married January 6, 1945 to Barbara Pierce, whom he had met three years before. In 1948 they moved to Texas, Bush became a manager and entrepreneur in the oil industry. Released from the East Coast establishment and socialize in New England, Bush immediately put on his cowboy hat and his political career was acting out of necessity how the Tories from the east coast, then a Texas businessman. From Texas began pohodpo all political institutions, the gradual ascent to the presidency: the chairman of the Republican Party in Houston, Texas; US representative at the United Nations and the People`s Republic of China; Director of the CIA; after a failed attempt to become a candidate for president, vice-president under Reagan. Bush has not only met with the US political system from different perspectives, but gradually began to skillfully negotiate, to compromise and build consensus in short: he was a diplomat, experienced in the party, domestic and foreign policy.
This wealth of experience based his presidency. The Bush administration`s policy was made by experts in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Finance along with James Baker and Nicholas Brady sat close personal trustees, who were very experienced in political terms. Personnel policy of Bush differed sharply from Reagan`s personnel policy: were involved experienced, pragmatic, non-ideological, oriented to the main political current politicians and bureaucrats. In some institutions deliberately been left no more than 20% Reagan appointed political officials. Also unlike Reagan, Bush was involved in the routine affairs of the White House and in the legislation process. At the same time he clearly gave priority to foreign policy. Suffice it to become too early to distinguish between two of the Bush presidency, namely, relatively successful in foreign policy and the internal unsuccessful. True, Bush considered conservative, but his presidency was not subject to any programmatike, he had a problem, as he said, with the "obvious things". It was impossible not to see Bush`s rhetorical deficit, he lacked the ability to electrify, to mobilize the public, let alone manipulate it. Under these conditions, "plus" I was his wife, Barbara, with whom he led a harmonious family life and which, thanks to his mother`s liking, won the sympathy of many compatriots.
In the four years of the Bush presidency in the internal politiketsarilo radio silence. A lot of energy, however, required to ensure that pick up the difficult legacy of the Reagan administration: the state budget deficit, public debt and the collapse of many savings banks that went bankrupt on speculation in the boom years in the prices of land and houses. In this case the state budget deficit was double-edged sword. He narrowly limited to the space of political action of any president. At the same time it can be used as an excuse for the president, which is already not going to take the initiative in domestic politics. Lean domestic political result of the Bush administration was the publication of the law on persons with disabilities and air protection. From claims of the newly elected president go down in history as the president of education or environmental protection no signs left in the following years. At the same time he could gain the support of Congress, which maintained cooperative relations with the members of which had excellent personal relations. Bush also was not able to use his great popularity after winning the Gulf War, to carry out a comprehensive domestic program. Contrary to the advice of his staff he proclaimed minimalist concept in which it was only about the fight against crime and transport policy. Cost-political misfortune that had more weight than the meager results of internal policy, was Bush`s statement that he, despite their own repeated promises to raise taxes due to the state budget deficit. In general, economic policy and economic development have become the Achilles heel of his administration, which cost him ultimately re-election: economic growth and individual real income stagnated, trade deficit, especially with Japan, continued to grow and the number of unemployed increased by 3 million. This dissatisfaction is reflected in the survey of public opinion long before the date of the 1992 elections: 80% of respondents believed that the government is not in the right direction and that ekonomicheskoeblagosostoyanie country is under threat; spread pessimism and decadent mood.
In foreign policy, Bush has had success: he began to intervene in Panama to arrest Noriega Gdansk dictator, who was involved in the international drug trade in 1989; He has adapted to the rapidly changing relationship between East and West, starting earlier and more vigorously than any other German NATO partners, to support the process of German unification; together with the Minister of Foreign Affairs James Baker, he secured debt crisis in Latin America and once again set in motion the peace process between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Primarily, however, he was able to impressively demonstrate military force, when in 1990-91 he sent 540,000 American soldiers (of which 10% women) in the Persian Gulf to the United Nations on behalf of the stop of the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait. "Operation Desert Storm" in which the armed forces of the international coalition set up by Bush broke the resistance of the Iraqi people for 42 days, caused the American public, who hoped thereby overcome the "Vietnam trauma", a short-term euphoria. However, it soon became clear that Bush`s foreign policy is not a long-term concept. What he meant by it proclaimed a "new world order", remained unclear. His decision apparently taken intuitively, but the team performed such brilliant politicians like James Baker, Dick Chenni, Brent Scowcroft and Colin Powell. These were the people who entered the United States as the only remaining "superpower" in the emerging new international system.
So, Bush enters the number of the presidents of the XX century, the right only one time and that was denied re-election of William Howard Taft, Herbert Hoover and Jimmy Carter. Although (or perhaps precisely because) George W. Bush was president during the national and international breakthrough, he almost did not leave behind visible marks and can be regarded as a transitional president.