Date of Birth: 11/25/1854
Place of birth: Copenhagen
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Buchanan (the Buchanan) George William (November 25, 1854, Copenhagen, - December 20, 1924, London?). From 1876 to the British diplomatic service. In 1903-1908 envoy in Sofia (Bulgaria), in 1908-1910 envoy in The Hague (Netherlands). Since 1910, Ambassador in St. Petersburg. Thwarting progerm. Russian Circles break with the Entente. During the 1 st world. War was closely associated with the Cadets and Octobrists, he supported the idea of ??a constitution. monarchy. In his memoirs, Buchanan wrote that often received at the Embassy of the Duma leaders and "sympathized with their aims" (J. Buchanan., Memoirs of a diplomat, M., b / g, p. 202). February 5, 1917 Buchanan telegraphed to the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs: "Most people, including the prospect of the army, in the unanimous determination to fight to the finish ... I`m worried about most ehkon position than political." (Ibid, p 178-79. ).
In the context of the activities of 1917 Buchanan became a real factor in his political life in Russia. Feb 27. together with M. Paleologue visited NN Pokrovsky, where he said: "Protopopov can congratulate ourselves on the fact that the revolution has brought Russia to its provocations activities." (Ibid, p 183.).
March 1 stated Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich opinion on the need for the constitution and the formation of a government headed by MV Rodzianko. With the establishment of the Provisional Government promised PN Miliukov support UK and insisted on keeping the post of Supreme Commander of the Grand Duke Nicholas. He believed that the early "recognition of the Provisional. Prospect Island is necessary" to raise its credibility in terms of growth of influence of the Petrograd. Council (ibid, p. 198). However, when Miliukov set March 5 issue of the official. recognition of UK time. Prospect Island, Buchanan said that before he "should get the confidence that the new prospect of ready to continue the war to the end" (ibid). The same motives dominate speeches and Buchanan.
On March 11, official. Provisional recognition ceremony. Prospect Island. Recalling his frequent appearances on publichen. meetings and rallies, Buchanan wrote: "But if I spoke with enthusiasm about the newly produced Russian freedom, then ... this was done in order to further sweeten my call for the maintenance of discipline in the army my unities thought was holding Russia in the war." (ibid, p. 203).
In early March, Miliukov offered Buchanan privately solicit the views of the English. Prospect Island emigration Nicholas II in the UK. March 10 Buchanan replied that it was possible upon payment of Rus. pr-tion costs. When in societies, circles began to protest against the former departure. king abroad, Buchanan retracted his words. AF Kerensky wrote: "... In the summer, we, the Provisional Government, received definitive official statement that before the end of the war entering the former monarch and his family within the British Empire is not possible" (ibid, p 297.). Buchanan highly of Kerensky, to-ing, in his opinion, "was the only minister, personality-cerned, but not quite nice embodying something stopping attention and impressed ... I respect him very much, and we soon became friends "(ibid, p. 209).
March 28 reported in the Foreign Ministry: "I have lost hope for a successful Russian offensive in the spring." (ibid, p 212.). In the beginning. April. I started a diploma. maneuvers with the aim achieved by the Provisional. Prospect Island renunciation of Constantinople connection (which Russia has been promised by the Intern. Treaties 1916). April 17. in a conversation with Miliukov he insisted on the suppression of the Bolsheviks and the arrest VI Lenin. Following the resignation of Miliukov and AI Guchkov`s letter expressed regret on the matter, and noted that "the new coalition. Pr-in ... is for us the last, and almost unities hope of saving the situation at the front of the military." Ministry of Foreign Affairs on May 8 (ibid, p. 221 ). He offered to disguise an agreement on the division of Asia Minor, declaring them a preventive measure when the danger of penetration of Germany. In con. April. Buchanan began contacts with the Socialist-Revolutionaries and Mensheviks with the aim of neutralizing the growing influence of the RSDLP (b). "For the Bolsheviks - said Buchanan - had neither homeland nor patriotism" (ibid, p 227.).
Buchanan was one of the initiators of the June attack Russian. armies. After its failure put forward the idea that "the strength of the army at the front should be reduced to a minimum ... the rest of the soldiers to be returned to work in the rear when vsenar system. Obyazat. Service" (ibid, p. 239). In July, welcomed the repression Time. Prospect Island in relation to the Bolsheviks. In a letter to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on July 22 recommended English. pr-woo to exert pressure for a while. pr-in that it focused "his energy on reorganization of the army and the restoration of discipline, both at the front and in the rear" (ibid, "p. 240). On July 29, an interview with Kerensky insisted on the introduction in Petrograd military. position , threatening otherwise to the termination of art supplies. guns from the United Kingdom. The con. aug. at a meeting with Mikhail Tereshchenko insisted on the introduction at the front of the death penalty. August 28. performing gene. Kornilov refused the offer Provisional. prospect Island leave Petrograd and demanded that "reconciliation with Top. commander in chief "with the mediation of a gene. Mikhail Alekseev (ibid, p. 252). After the arrest of Kornilov wrote in his diary