Date of Birth: 08/27/1770
Place of birth: Stuttgart
Enthusiastically greeted the revolutionary events in France. During this period, he served the enemy of the feudal system in Germany, a supporter of the republic. In 1808-1816 gg. He was the director of a grammar school in Nuremberg. After the fall of Napoleon and the dissemination of Hegel reaction evolves in views, arguing that the Prussian state is arranged on a reasonable basis.
In 1818 he was invited to lecture at the University of Berlin, where he worked until his death.
Hegel - philosopher, created on the basis of objective idealist systematic theory of dialectics. The central concept of development is a characteristic activity of the absolute (world spirit), it supratemporal movement in the field of pure thought in ascending series of more specific categories (being, nothingness, becoming, quality, quantity, measure, nature, phenomenon, the reality, the concept of the object, idea, culminating in the absolute idea), his move to the alienated condition of otherness in nature, he returned to his man in the mental activity of the individual forms (subjective spirit), supra-individual "objective spirit" (law, morality and "morality" family, civil society, state) and "absolute spirit" (art, religion, philosophy as a form of self-consciousness of the spirit).
Controversy internal source of development, described as a triad. The history of "the spirit of progress in the consciousness of freedom" has consistently implemented through the "spirit" of individual nations. Implementation of the democratic demands of Hegel`s thought in the form of a compromise with the caste system, in the framework of a constitutional monarchy.
He had a tremendous impact on the development of philosophical and social thought in Europe, XIX-XX centuries.
Major works: "Phenomenology of Spirit", 1807; "Science of Logic", parts 1-3, 1812-16; "Encyclopedia of Philosophy", 1817; "Fundamentals of Philosophy of Law", 1821; lectures on the history of philosophy, aesthetics, philosophy of religion, history of philosophy (published posthumously).
"We are - surprisingly powerful tool, but you need to have a lot of mind to use it."
"Of all the general immoral relations - applicable to children as slaves, is the most immoral."
"Reason can be formed without a heart, and the heart - without reason; there are unilateral foolish hearts and minds of the heartless."