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Gentius

Picture of Gentius

Background

Ghent was the son of the king Plevratiya III (Pleuratus III), which maintained a very close relationship with Rome (Rome). Plevratiyu III was able to significantly expand its borders to the south, almost without doing anything for it - it did not conduct wars of conquest, not conflict. According to historians, he did not do anything other than the expression of loyalty to the Romans, and by that loyalty remained for centuries as one of the greatest Illyrian kings, second only to his uncle, the king Agron (Agron), which is a very short time brought the country out decline and led to prosperity.

Unlike the wise predecessors, Gent did not consider it necessary to maintain good relations with the powerful neighbor, and even tried to make war with Rome, for which he paid.

The capital was the city of Ghent Skodra (Shkodra), modern Shkodra (Shkod & # 235; r) in the territory of Albania (Albania), while - main town ardieyskoy dynasty. In 180 BC, at the beginning of his reign, the nations and daorsonov Dalmatians declared themselves independent from the power of Ghent, and one poluchivimmunitet from the Romans, left the city of Risan (Rhizon), the former capital, where the rules once the queen Teuta (Teuta), Agron`s second wife.

In 171 BC Ghent was an ally of the Romans against the Macedonians, but two years later, in 169 BC, he switched sides and allied with Perseus (Perseus of Macedon), ruler of Macedonia, which had to promise treacherous Gent considerable sum in gold. The most southern city of the state ardieev at Ghent was Lissus (Lissus), today - Lying (Lezh & # 235;), which went to the kings ardieev as a result of the First Illyrian War.

Gent arrested two Roman legates, accusing them that they were in Illyria not as emissaries and spies. The army destroyed the city of Ghent Apollonia (Apollonia) and Dyrrachium (Dyrrhachium), modern Durres (Durr & # 235; s), which had been in alliance with Rome. In addition, Ghent fleet unhindered Plundered in the Adriatic Sea (Adriatic Sea), which caused considerable irritation western neighbor.

In 169 BC Gent married Etute (Etuta), daughter of King Dardanians Monuniya (Monunius). Etute was not able to stay ardieev queen and two years. Initially Etuta was betrothed to his brother Gent Platorom (Plator), but Ghent, which is not distinguished by a special love to the family, organized Platora murder. The king was afraid that my brother, son in law becoming strong ruler Dardanians, and strengthen its position so that it will take away the throne. When Plator was killed, Gent Monuniyu himself proposed to conclude a marriage with his daughter. However, according to legend, Etuta was so pretty, that just Gent envied more successful brother, and he decided to marry her. However, this marriage did not bring one benefit that was expected of him, and the alliance ardieev Dardanians and quickly fell apart when Gent behind-law entered into an alliance with the king of the Macedonians Perseus, who was an enemy Monuniya.

In 168 BC, during the Third Macedonian War, the king of Ghent was completely defeated by Skodroy Roman troops led by Lucius Anicius Gallus (Lucius Anicius Gallus) in just a few weeks. The following year he vkachestve prisoner along with a number of important Illyrian dignitaries was brought to Rome to take part in the triumph of Galla. After the celebrations and the traditional festivals of the former king, together with his family was sent into exile, first in Spoletum (Spoletum), where they were kept under surveillance, but residents refused Spoletuma contain at Illyrian family of royal blood. After that, Gent, and his two sons moved to Etutu Iguvy (Iguvium), a small town in Umbria (Umbria). Today, it is a commune of Gubbio (Gubbio).

There Ghent and Etuta leave until his death, which date unknown.

After the defeat of the Romans divided the former Gent power ardieev into three administrative regions, the so-called Merise, and finally conquered Illyria turned into Illyricum (Illyricum), one of the many provinces of the Roman Republic (Roman Republic). Cities turned away from Rome, were mercilessly looted and destroyed by the same, who continued to support Rome, it was allowed to retain not only their wealth, but still able to control.