The tribes of the Celtic group
The first gal arrived in Rome (Rome), when the Senate officially recognized Cybele (Cybele) `boginey` state in 204 BC Roman citizens were not allowed to become the Gauls, so that all priests were originally residents of the East or slaves. Under the rule of Emperor Claudius (Claudius) the ban was lifted. In the end, the last Roman emperor of the Flavian dynasty, Domitian (Domitian), reaffirms that Roman citizens forbidden to practice castration (eviratio).
The Gauls, being in some kind of trance under the influence of barbarian music, castrated himself potsherds and knives during the holiday called `Day krovi` ( `Dies sanguinis`), which was held March 24th. On the same day they are put on women`s clothes, mostly yellow, and a sort of turban with pendants and earrings. They also wore long bleached hair and make-up was applied `tyazhelyy`. Together with his followers eunuchs wandered around the neighborhood begging for money in exchange for the ability to predict the future of a generous donor. On the day of mourning for Attis (Attis), which, according to one version, castrated himself under a pine tree and died from blood loss, disheveled Gauls uncontrollably ran everywhere. They performed dances to the music of pipes and drums and ecstatic lashed themselves to the blood.
The author of an important geographical dictionary in the history of Byzantine Stefan (Stephanus Byzantinus) says that the name `gall` comes from the name of the King of Gaul (Gallus). And the Roman poet Ovid (Ovid) says that the name came from Gaul Phrygian river.
Related Attis in Rome, his relationship with the Gauls are of fundamental importance for the understanding of the meaning and function of myth and ritual. Almost always, albeit in varying degrees, emphasizes the role of the prototype, the mythical Attis passing through castration, in the establishment of the priests `` rules of the Gauls. Scientists have tried to draw a parallel between an episode from the emasculation of Attis, who after the death of a pine tree, and the ritual barbarities of the Gauls, regarding Attis fundamental principle of action for the ritual or secondary cause.
However, this interpretation is too simplistic, because into account it is not the fact that this communication serve different purposes in different periods. Thus, the emasculation of Attis in `frigiyskoy` version of the myth was the basis for the establishment of priests Institute in Pessinus (Pessinous), the so-called` non-koroley` that were not simple Gauls.
The earliest mention of the galls have reached modern times together with Greek `Antalogiey Palatina` (` Anthologia Palatina`), but they said nothing about the ritual castration. More interesting is the fragment works Kallimaha (Callimachus), which already meets term meaning castration priests.
About High Priest much is known of the archeology. In Pessinus, Cybele center of culture, had two high-priest during the Hellenistic period. One was called `Attisom`, the other bore the name of` Battakis` ( `Battakes`). Both were eunuchs. During this period, the high priests exercised considerable political influence; Attis found a letter from the King of Pergamon (Pergamon), Eumenes II (Eumenes II) and Attalus II (Attalus II), written on the stones. Later, during the Flavian period, there was a community of ten priests, not castrated, who were Roman citizens and enjoy the same title `Attis`.
In Rome, the head of the Gauls was known as arhigall, at least, during the reign of Claudius. Archaeological findings have indicated that arhigally were luxurious and extravagant outfits.