Date of Birth: 1523
Place of birth: Modena
Fallopio Gabriel was born in Modena (Modena), in 1523-m. His family had blue blood, but at the same time very poor, and therefore Fallopio had to work hard to get a decent education. Due to financial difficulties, he joined the clergy. In 1542-m Gabriel became a canon in the cathedral of Modena. He studied medicine at the University of Ferrara (University of Ferrara), at that time the best medical school in Europe (Europe). Fallopio received his doctorate in medicine in 1548-m.
After his studies, he worked in a variety of medical school, and then became a professor of anatomy at Ferrara. One of his students was the famous Gerolamo Fabricius (Girolamo Fabrici). In 1549-m Gabriel was invited to the University of Pisa (University of Pisa), the most authoritative in Italy (Italy). In 1551 th he received the approval of Cosimo I (Cosimo I), Grand Duke of Tuscany, and it helped Fallopio occupy the chair of anatomy and surgery at the University of Padua (University of Padua). In addition, he was a professor of botany and caretaker in the botanical gardens.
Although Gabriel died before they even forty, his extensive and accurate knowledge of anatomy used by all subsequent generations. Followers of the golden age of anatomy Fallopio were such luminaries as Vesalius (Vesalius), Eustace (Eustachius) and Realdo Colombo (Realdo Colombo). As it turned out, though there were some dark spots in his short career. It was rumored that Fallopio jealous of the great discoverers in anatomy, and for that very reason often expressed criticisms and correct the work of others. At the same time Gezer Henry (Heinrich H & # 228; ser), a specialist in the history of medicine, said Fallopio appreciated for his modesty and respect for my colleagues, especially to Vesalius.
Fallopio own work, for the most part, dealt with the anatomy of the head. He added much to what was known to him about the inner ear, and a detailed description of the tympanic cavity. He also revealed details about the round and oval windows and their relationship to the vestibule and the cochlea of the inner ear. Fallopio was the first to point out the connection between the cells of the mastoid temporal bone and middle ear. His descriptions of the lacrimal pathways were more accurate than all the descriptions that were given in anatomical works of his predecessors. Gabrie l gave a detailed report on the structure and functions of the ethmoid bone that separates the nasal cavity from the cranial cavity.
His contributions to the anatomy of the muscles and bones, especially in the field of myology, also recognized worldwide. Fallopio studied the reproductive organs of both sexes, and described the fallopian tubes that connect the uterus to the abdominal cavity. Fallopian tubes have been named in his honor - the fallopian tubes. In his honor it was named the facial nerve canal.
Fallopio became the first to use ear funnel for the diagnosis and treatment of ear diseases. He published two treatises on ulcers and tumors, a treatise on surgery and leave their comments on the book of Hippocrates (Hippocrates) of head injuries. At one time Fallopio considered a kind of authority in such areas as human sexuality.
Gabriel was the first to describe a condom. His works featured some shell fabric, impregnated with antiseptic infusion and wrap around the genitals. Fallopio advocated the use of linen sheaths to prevent disease syphilis. There are records, according to which Fallopio conducted clinical trials of its condom for 1100 men.
Fallopio was also interested in all forms of therapy. He wrote a treatise on the use of baths and thermal waters, a simple laxatives and that is part of the various drugs. None of his works, except his Anatomii` `(` Anatomy`) 1561-th, was not published during his lifetime. Fallopio died October 9, 1562 th, in Padova (Padua).