Date of Birth: 12/12/1951
Place of birth: a. Chkalovo
has done more than 40 expeditions and climbing
Born December 12, 1951 in the village Chkalovo Zaporozhye region of Ukraine. The father - Philip M. Konyukhov (1917g.rozhd.), Mother - Maria Efremovna Konyukhov (1918g.rozhd.). Wife - Irina Konyukhov (1961g.rozhd.), Doctor of Law, Professor. Son - Oscar Konyukhov Fedorovich (1975g.rozhd.). Daughter - Tatiana F. Konyukhov (1978g.rozhd.).
The future famous traveler Fyodor Konyukhov lived and grew up in a peasant family that had five children: three sons and two daughters. Since childhood they are accustomed to a hard labor on the kolkhoz field to work in the garden, and Fedor has often went with his father, a fisherman on the Sea of ??Azov in the fishing season. I am pleased to bear watch on the handlebars, helped fishermen pull nets. As a member of the Great Patriotic War, which has come down to Budapest, my father used to tell the children about the heavy fighting against the fascists, and called to work honestly, to protect their land. The young Theodore sunk into the soul of interesting stories of his grandfather, Lieutenant Colonel of the tsarist army of Georgy Sedov, which served as a garrison. Prior to his latest, which happened a tragic trip to the Arctic, George left the other Orthodox cross with a request to hand over the most sturdy of the sons or grandsons, who was able to carry out his idea. And, as you know, Fedor is a testament fulfilled - at the North Pole has visited three times, and one day - alone with the cross around his neck.
For long hikes Fedor prepared himself from an early age, at first, perhaps not quite consciously. Learn to swim and dive, go on a boat rowing and sailing. Bathed in cold water, he slept in the hayloft. In football and running for long distances among school children of his peers did not, and most of all he drew the sea, the sea and the romantic element. Having read Goncharov and Stanyukovicha, Jules Verne and other marine painters, he is a 15-year-old made his first trip - in a rowing boat across the Sea of ??Azov.
Realizing that the sea - his calling, Fedor graduated from the Odessa seaworthy and polar Leningrad school, got a degree navigator navigator and ship`s mechanic. In 1977 he organized sailing yachts from Vitus Bering and the other sailors in the North Pacific Ocean. An inquisitive tracker and a patriot like to learn how to compatriots on leaky boats three centuries ago, discovered the islands and bays, Russian America, founded settlements there. Such noble Fedor objectives pursued and trips to Kamchatka, Sakhalin Island, Commander Islands. In Chukotka went dog sledding, appreciating the opportunity to use them to reach the North Pole, but for this purpose subsequently chose skiing. Throughout interested in a life of people, how they survive in the difficult conditions of the North, there are a number of interesting painted paintings that decorated several personal exhibitions.
Sturm was preceded by the North Pole ski jump in the polar night to the Pole of Inaccessibility in group D. Shparo; journey to Baffin Island (Canada) as part of the Canadian expedition; transarctic ski jump from the USSR - the North Pole - Canada under the direction of D. Shparo; participated in the first autonomous expedition "Arctica" to the North Pole, led by V.Chukovym.
Having a good experience skiing polar expeditions, Fedor in 1990 went to the North Pole in a separate trip. It was not easy to overcome a lone traveler ridges and polynyas, also was behind a heavy backpack, and towed sledges pulled with a load. He slept on the ice, climbing into a tent and sleeping bag. After 72 days reached the North Pole, he realized his dream and executing a will Georgy Sedov. However, once almost died during ice ridging.
It was not scared, and after five years he is sent back alone to force the ice desert of Antarctica. For orientation in the extreme conditions of the use of small space navigator "Navikom" that focuses on stationary orbiting satellite. With the help of a traveler on the 59th day of a difficult road came exactly at the point of the South Pole for the first time hoisted the flag of the Russian Federation. This time F.Konyuhov one replaced the whole expedition. On behalf of the Ministry of Atomic Energy, he measured the natural radiation field on the way to the Antarctic pole. On the instructions of physicians assessed physical and psychological condition of the body at the same time exposed to high altitude (over 5000 meters), low temperature (-60 degrees) and strong winds (up to 30 meters per second). He conducted and surveillance program for the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. And accumulated considerable material for these departments and their books.
Domestic and foreign experts believe Fedor Konyukhov most universal of professional travelers. In its active about forty different character hikes, including the mountains. Not having special mountaineering skills, but possessing great physical stamina and perseverance to achieve the goal, he decided to honor the 850th anniversary of Moscow to climb the peaks of all continents of the Earth. It took five years of persistent work. As the workout ran on Kluchevskoy 4750 meters high and believe in themselves. Then there were a Caucasian peak Elbrus (5642 m), the Asian Everest (8848 m), the Australian Mount Kosciuszko (2,230 m), South American Aconcagua (6960 m). Of course, the hardest thing was to climb Mount Everest, but the three points were in their own way interesting, mysterious and difficult. It has long been dormant African volcano Kilimanjaro (5895 m), sung by Ernest Hemingway, particularly attracted the attention of Russian traveler. Climbing up from the tropics, he gradually felt the change of climate and weather conditions. If the foot was in the sun-scorched vegetation, then 3-4 kilometers begins evergreen tropical forest, is even higher - alpine meadows, cliffs, and then, finally, the kingdom of ice and snow. As an artist, he could not help admiring the beauty of nature, sketched, photographed a lot. But the most difficult and dangerous for climbers were ice-rocky mountains: North America McKinley (6193 m) and the Antarctic - Vinson Massif (5140 m). Here, deep snow and treacherous cracks in the ice, and a chilling breath fierce cold wind. A well later (sometimes had to crawl) from the array, nearly died of cold and hunger - more than three days, the plane could not fly him out of the strongly raging purgi.Bolshinstvo hiking traveler performs alone, but he was willing to take part in collective expeditions. And he organized and led two interesting transcontinental run: Soviet-American bikes along the route Nakhodka - Leningrad (1989) and the Soviet-Australian car - Nakhodka - Brest (1991). In the long journey on the Russian expanses Fedor showed his foreign colleagues travelers many natural attractions: pine forest, lake Baikal, mighty Siberian rivers, the Ural Mountains, the new city. The result of these runs were reports, documentary films, photo albums, released in our country and abroad.
Still, the main line of travel yacht captain - is the sea and the ocean. And he is the only one of the Russians alone made three voyages round the world. The first of them - years on "Karaana" yacht 1991 - in 1990. Launched from the Australian ports of Sydney and returned to the same through 224 days. And chose the most difficult route: between the "roaring `forties and` violent `fifties latitudes, where the predominantly favorable wind, and where there were the first Russian world explorers Ivan Kruzenshtern, Mikhail Lazarev, etc. But at the same time, on the route - the cold as well. and the gale with snow or rain, dangerous meeting with the whales and icebergs, especially in the Drake Passage, Cape Horn. But Sailor overcome, however, lost in this case by 11 kilograms.
One year later, Grooms went into the second voyage around the world on the other, the equatorial route: Taiwan - Singapore - Indian Ocean - Red and Mediterranean Sea - Gibraltar - Atlantic - Hawaii - Taiwan with stops on all continents. A single sail on a big two-masted yacht "Formosa" lasted 508 days and was associated with a dramatic and heroic events simultaneously. In the Philippines area of ??the captain became very ill and was hospitalized. Meanwhile, pirates hijacked his yacht to another island. But Fedor - not the timid. After serving in the Baltic landing ship, carried out their orders in the jungles of Vietnam and Nicaragua. To find the "Formosa" on the far island, the boat had to steal from other pirates. And discovered on board drunken daredevil robbers tied and loaded up on their rubber boat.
Participating in the international sailing race "Around the world - alone," he made a third tour around the world, driving the yacht "Modern University for the Humanities." At first signed up for the competition 39 applicants from many countries, but at the start came only 16 ships, the rest dropped out for various reasons, including those who do not pass the qualifying run in the 2000 nautical miles. Fedor withstood the test, but came under attack three hurricanes. Especially hard it was to combat the hurricane "Daniel" in the area of ??Bermuda. Three days yacht lying on the board, and the captain had to make an enormous effort to straighten it.
The race covered the whole length of Oceans 27 thousand nautical miles, ie 50 thousand kilometers, and ran along the route: the American port of Charleston - Cape Town (South Africa) - Auckland (New Zealand) - Punta del Este (Uruguay) - Charleston. (It is interesting that all these items flew by plane wife Irina, son Oscar -. For moral support Fedor and helps him to eliminate the technical problems on the boat).
Just the way sailors were eight months, from September 1998 to May 1999. Experienced the tropical heat and the biting wind in Antarctica, have shied away from the steel ships and icebergs and drove forward all the time, not knowing of sleep and rest. Some vessels were up to 15 different breakdowns, not avoid it and yacht Konyukhov. At night, he encountered a sleeping whale, resulting in a bent wheel. At the approach to Cape Horn on board jumped dolphin that rarely happens in practice navigation, skipper barely managed to push hard and slippery body sea guest in his native element. And the coast of Brazil, he barely strayed from modern filibusters by a signal rocket.
Unable to withstand the extreme conditions of the race, seven members out of the race. Fedor Konyukhov has come to finish third. His name came to the United States government a telegram from Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov. "We are pleased - it said - that such a legendary traveler lives in Moscow and continues the tradition of our compatriots in the development of the planet."
At the request of F. Konyukhov is registered to participate in the international sailing race "Windy Globe 2000", the launch of which is scheduled for November 5, 2000. The main feature of this global competition - it is carried out without stopping, without a single entry into the ports! And yet here attract Konyukhov: it is necessary to circumnavigate the Antarctic, and he wants to go for a long time by the pioneers of the sixth continent Russian naval officers Thaddeus Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. This will be the fourth round the world and brave explorer. And before he had time to participate in an international dog sled race "Iditarod 2000" on snow-covered Alaska, along the path of the miners of the XIX century.
Trekking and Expeditions remarkable given the traveler a lot of our science, sport, tourism, the whole of society. They show that a man can attain a well-prepared physically and mentally, able to maintain health and performance, often in difficult situations. It is not surprising that the 48-year-old pathfinder plans to travel to 2020.
To enhance their knowledge, he studied at the Faculty of Modern University for the Humanities, the same head of the Laboratory of distance learning in extreme conditions.
Fedor Konyukhov always, even during the campaigns, writes and draws. He is a member of the Artists` Union and a member of the Russian Union of Journalists. In 1999 came his three books: "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth," "Le Havre - Charleston" and "How to open Antarctica"; previously published almanac "Russian traveler". It is basically a diary of the author, but they are perceived as an adventure novel.
Name Fedor Konyukhov is among the prominent figures of science and technology in the international encyclopedia "Chronicle of mankind." Traveler awarded the Order of Friendship of Peoples, UNESCO diploma for its contribution to environmental work. He - Honored Master of Sports, a yacht captain.
In addition to the main passion of his life - travel, Fedor Filippovich wrote poetry, music for organ and works of art.