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Friedrich Wohler

Picture of Friedrich Wohler

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Already at an early age he showed a passion for V. science. B. Family moved in 1812 to France, where he joined the school and was influenced by Dr. Buch, entrenched in the youth his penchant for natural science. V. with Buhom made his first scientific paper on the content of selenium in the iron pyrites kraslitskom, with only 20 years of age. In 1820 he moved to Marburg, where he entered the Medical Faculty of the University of Gdansk, while continuing his chemical studies. In 1821 Vladimir moved to Heidelberg, where the famous chemist Gmelin met the scientist who took the hottest part in it. B. When, in 1823, received his medical degree and already thinking of doing a practical physician, then Gmelin persuaded him to abandon this plan and devote himself to chemistry. Perspicacious teacher sent his disciple to Sweden to Berzelius, where B. finally has established itself in the election of a chemist`s career. In 1836 B. received the chair of chemistry at the University of gettingenskom, where he remained until his death (23 September 1882).

With regard to the work of scientists V., the enumeration of even the most important of them have to give up, it suffices to say that in the name of the mineral chemistry B. meets at every step; his work on aluminum, boron, silicon and titanium put, we can say the basis for the study of these simple bodies. Aluminum currently receiving every day more and more practical significance, for the first time (1827) prepared V. He also crystalline boron and silicon have been obtained. A great philosophical importance was one of the works of V. organic chemistry, namely B. succeeded, almost by chance, get in 1828, organic matter, urea from inorganic substances. This discovery caused a lot of noise because it was considered generally to that between the organic and mineral substances have a difference not only in composition, but also in origin. According to scientists contemporaries V., organic substances can be formed only with the assistance of so-called. "Vitality", ie. Special forces acting only in a living organism. When B. received urea - a substance formed from minerals, then is the line, which was conducted between organic and mineral substances, has been destroyed and the recognition of a particularly chemical phenomena in living organisms has been left. In addition, B. belongs to a host of other chemical discoveries and researches made by one part of it, often in collaboration with Liebig; Most of these works refers to the study of organic matter and some (eg. research and benzolola cyanide compounds) were of great importance in the installation of complex theory of radicals.