Date of Birth: 07/20/1880
Place of birth: Darmstadt
Born June 20, 1880 in Darmstadt. At half-Jewish origin - Gundolfinger. Since 1899 was a member of t. N. "Circle of Stefan George" group of aesthetes who thought sublime poetry and the top of the only form of literature. Tall and attractive, but extremely reticent man, he began teaching at the University of Heidelberg in 1911. In 1920 he headed the department of the history of literature. He believed that the artist and his work can not be separated from each other and form a coherent whole. His appeals to the absolute aestheticism exerted a significant impact on German literature. His work on the works of Shakespeare and the attitude of the classics of German literature have gained wide acceptance. Gundolf held the position of the solid German nationalist. He justified the 1st World War, portraying Germany as only having the right to speak about the Germans as the "dominant nation". He described Germany`s enemies as "mediocre bouncers", as a "blind mob." "Culture of the future is destined to be created by the German mind." He did not consider culture not as material wealth or as pleasure: "Culture is the existence, in action, in the change, it is - creation, destruction, conversion, and Attila is much closer to the culture than all these shows, Maeterlinck, d`Annuntsii and the like. " Such ideas captured his disciple of Goebbels, who entered the University of Heidelberg after 1 ymirovoy war. Goebbels was fascinated lectures Gundolfa of a vanished world of German romanticism. He had hoped to join the members of the "circle of Stefan George" by Professor Gundolfa, but one very superficial knowledge of the young reynlandtsa, refused him. Goebbels wrote his doctoral thesis "Wilhelm von Shuytts: contribution to the history of romantic drama" with the support of Professor Val`dberg. Gundolf quarreled with Stefan George and was expelled from the circle. Died July 12, 1931.