Fransua Bayru

Picture of Fransua Bayru

Date of Birth: 05/25/1951

Age: 65

Citizenship: France


Bayrou was born in a poor peasant family. He taught classical literature at the University of Bordeaux, graduating at the age of 23 years. He joined the party of the bourgeois-liberal party UDP, which in the beginning was a member of the department of Pyrenees-Atlantiques. Bayrou adheres to Christian-democratic views, and calls himself a Catholic, but a supporter of the separation of religion from the state.

From 1979 until 1981 he was a senior official in the Ministry of Agriculture, then worked for President Alan Poera Senate. From 1984 to 1986 he was an advisor to the President of the European Parliament, Pierre Pflimlin. Prior to 1993 headed the parliamentary group in the fight against illiteracy.

After winning the elections, right-wing liberals under the leadership of Edouard Balladur in 1993, Bayrou was invited by the government as Minister of Education. During his tenure it was carried out serious reforms in the French education system. His post Bayrou and kept after in 1995 the new prime minister was Alain Juppe, who joined the authority Bayrou sphere of science.

The political goal was to create Bayrou centrist political force able to resist the Gaullists on an equal footing with the right wing of the political spectrum. At his post of Minister of Education and Science he remained until June 4, 1997, when he was succeeded by Claude Allegre.

In 1998 he was elected as chairman of the Union for French Democracy. A year later took part in the elections to the European Parliament, becoming a deputy in Strasbourg. He participated as a candidate of his party in the presidential elections of 2002. His French result was fourth place with 6.8% of votes.

In the same year the liberal centrists split, as part of them was ready to join the project of a new strong conservative party Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) to support the incumbent president Jacques Chirac, while Bayrou wanted to preserve the independence of the UDF. Bayrou resigned as an MEP, to become a member of the French Parliament. However, in the regional elections in Aquitaine, he was defeated against the candidate of the UDF. However, in the elections to the European Parliament his party was able to get 12%.

The election campaign for the presidential elections of 2007, according to surveys, it within a few weeks has gone from hopeless takeoff niche candidate to a serious contender for the presidency. Bayrou appears as a centrist alternative to the competitor on the left forces Segolene Royal and conservative Nicolas Sarkozy. During the election campaign he called the EU "the most beautiful design of humanity." The pan-European issues, he opposes Turkey`s accession to the EU and the adoption of the European constitution. It is against the constitution mention of God, as he said, religion and the law should not be mixed.

Bayrou is the author of many historical works, including a biography of the French king Henry IV. He is married and has six children.


Le roi libre. - Paris: Flammarion, 1994 - ISBN 2-08-066821-8

Le roi libre. - Paris: France loisirs, 1995 - ISBN 2-7242-8944-7

Le roi libre. - Paris: & # 201; d. J`ai lu, 1996 - ISBN 2-277-24183-0

Henri IV. - Paris: Perrin jeunesse, 1998 - ISBN 2-262-01301-2

Henri IV: le roi libre. - Paris: Flammarion, 1999 - ISBN 2-08-067725-X

Saint-Louis. - Paris: Flammarion, 1997 - ISBN 2-08-067208-8

Ils portaient l` & # 233; charpe blanche: l`aventure des premiers r & # 233; form & # 233; s, des Guerres de religion & # 224; l` & # 233; dit de Nantes, de la R & # 233; vocation & # 224; la Revolution. - Paris: B. Grasset, 1998 - ISBN 2-246-55981-2

Ils portaient l `echarpe blanche: l` aventure des premiers reformes, des Guerres de religion a l` & # 233; dit de Nantes, de la R & # 233; vocation & # 224; la R & # 233; volution. - Paris: Librairie generale francaise, 2000 - ISBN 2-253-14779-6