Date of Birth: 07/23/1775
Francois Eugene Vidocq (Fr. Fran & # 231; ois Eug & # 232; ne Vidocq; July 23, 1775 - May 11, 1857.) - French criminal, who later became the first head of the Chief of the National Security Administration (fr S & # 251; ret & # 233; Nationale. ), and then one of the first modern private detectives. Vidocq - the prototype of the two main characters of the novel "Les Miserables" by Victor Hugo.
Most of the information about the Vidocq drawn from his autobiography, written "Ghostwriter". According to it, Vidocq was born July 23, 1775 in the French town of Arras. His father was a baker.
At age 14, he apparently accidentally killed his teacher`s fencing and decided to escape from the city. He originally intended to go to America, but spent all the money on an actress, a lady of easy virtue. In the end, after a year he was forced to join the regiment of Bourbon.
He was far from perfect soldier: he later recalled that he participated in 15 duels and was subjected to a variety of disciplinary actions.
The references in works of art
Vidocq served as the prototype of the following characters:
Jean Valjean in "Les Miserables" by Victor Hugo
Vautrin in "The Human Comedy" Honore de Balzac
Rudolf de Zherolsten in "Mysteries of Paris" Eugene Sue
Auguste Dupin in "Murders in the Rue Morgue" by Edgar Allan Poe
Lecoq in the "Cause Lerouge