Date of Birth: 08/06/1916
Place of birth: Northampton
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Revealing the secrets of DNA
Francis Harry Compton Crick, the first child of Harry Crick and Annie Elizabeth Wilkins, born June 8, 1916, in a small village not far from Northamptonshire, England (Northamptonshire, England). His grandfather, an amateur naturalist Walter Drobridzh Creek (Walter Drawbridge Crick), draw up a report on the study of local foraminifera and corresponded with Charles Darwin (Charles Darwin). In honor of his grandfather, even two representatives of the gastropod class were named.
At an early age interested in science Francis, and he was actively learning from books. The parents took him to church, but close to 12 years the boy announced that he rejects religious faith, to pursue the search for answers to their questions from a scientific point of view. Later, he said, with irony, that adults can even discuss how Christian issues, but children from all of this should be kept away.
At 21, Crick earned a bachelor`s degree in physics at University College London (University College London). During World War II he was in the research laboratory of the Admiralty, where he developed magnetic and acoustic mines and was instrumental in the creation of new mines, have proven effective against German minesweepers.
In 1947, Crick began studying biology, joining the stream `migrantov`-scientists, leaving his studies of physics to biology. He had to switch from `elegance and depth prostoty` physics` complex chemical process that develops as a result of natural selection over billions let`. Underlining the seriousness of the transition from one area to another, Crick said that `virtually born zanovo`.
Most of the time two subsequent letraboty Francis gave the study of the physical properties of the cytoplasm in Cambridge Streyndzhueyskoy Laboratory (Strangeways Laboratory), headed by Honor Bridget Fell (Honor Bridget Fell), has not yet started working with Max Perutz (Max Perutz) and John Kendrew (John Kendrew) at the Cavendish laboratory. At the end of 1951, Crick worked well with James Watson, which in 1953 published a jointly developed model for a helical structure of DNA.
By the opening of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, it was also connected Maurice Wilkins. He showed Francis and James X-ray image of DNA molecules, which made him a colleague Rosalind Franklin (Rosalind Franklin), and then the scientists were able to explain the DNA copying mechanisms. In molecular biology, Crick coined the term `Central dogma` summarizing the rules for the implementation of the genetic information (DNA & # 8594; & # 8594 RNA, protein).
The rest of his career Creek served as professor of the Institute of Biological Research J. Salk in La Jolla, California (La Jolla, California). Its functions are limited only to research work. More recent studies have focused on Francis theoretical neurobiology and related to his desire to promote the study of human consciousness.
Francis was married twice. He had three children and six grandchildren. He died of colon cancer, it happened July 28, 2004-th.
Applies especially critical to Christianity, Crick once said: `I do not respect Christian beliefs. I think they are simply ridiculous. If we could get rid of them, we would have been much easier to begin to address the serious problem of defining what is a our mir`.