Date of Birth: 06/03/1483
Place of birth: Florence
Born in Florence, March 6, 1483, died in Arcetri 23 May 1540. A contemporary and friend of Machiavelli, younger and rich Guicciardini had a distinguished political career as a messenger of Florence in Spain (1511-1514), governor of the Papal States (1516-1534), General papal army, political adviser to Pope Clement VII and influential citizen of Florence here after the fall of the republic (1530). Guicciardini was a cunning and skilled administrator capable commander; his brilliant mind and the ability to anticipate events allowed him to warn those whom he served, of impending danger and to avoid serious trouble.
The most famous two of his works, and above all the history of Italy (Storia d`Italia, 1537 - 1540, published 1561-1564.), Which offers a wide panorama of Italy in 1492-1534. For this work is characterized by an upbeat style, the presentation is often supported by documents. Remarkable insight judgments Notes political and civil (Ricordi politici e civili, 1525 - 1529, published in 1576.). Until the second half of the 19th century. Guicciardini was known primarily as a historian, but starting from 1857 began to go out previously unknown works discovered in the family archives in Florence. The main political content, they are forced to speak about the author as an outstanding publicist.
Guicciardini wanted to be a historian of scientific, objective warehouse, but his works are painted with irony and bitterness. As a political thinker he was doing from any empirical observation of all the logical conclusions. Being a humanist, ready to be taken into account and the reasons of a psychological nature, Guicciardini followed still on the path analysis, saw in the political life of the chain of causes and effects, questioned the general principles and defended the importance of an independent individual situation. Guicciardini moved selfish motives and interests of the family of Florence, and yet he created a design for the future of Italy device long before the unification.