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Flaviy Valent

Picture of Flaviy Valent

Citizenship: Italy

Background

Valens Augustus announced his older brother Valentinian soon after his election. In the spring of 364, in Constantinople, he clothed him in purple, put on his head a diadem and entrusted to manage the eastern provinces, while he took the West itself. Spring Valent moved to Syria. When he was far away from Constantinople, there proclaimed himself Emperor Procopius, a distant cousin of the emperors Constantius and Julian. This news is so struck by Valens that he lost his head, and dreamed already reset imperial clothes as a heavy burden; and, of course, he would have done it if I had not prevented his entourage and do not dissuaded him from a shameful step. Besides the rebellion, at first rapidly sprawling to an enormous size, in the beginning of 365 as quickly subsided without much bloodshed. When the two armies met in Thrace, legions of Procopius suddenly defected to the Valens. Procopius Valens himself was given his supporters and executed. The death of the leader of the horrors of war have been warned. But then it began a fierce persecution involved in the case, and for many much more severe than that demanded their errors or actions. The executioners, instruments of torture, bloody interrogations began their march, without distinguishing neither age nor rank. Among people of all positions and all sectors of society ruled by a terrible judgment, with every damned unfortunate victory, more serious than any war of extermination. Emperor, more prone to harm and willingly give ear all sorts of charges, taking criminal denunciations, and various kinds of punishment gave him a wild joy. And there was no limit to this terrible disaster, until the Emperor himself and his family did not had enough money and blood (Marcellinus: 26; 4,6-9).

In 367 Valens moved against the Goths, who were allies of Procopius. The next three years he spent on the Danube, the Goths had many run-ins, for the most part minor, and finally made peace (Marcellinus: 27; 5). In 371, ready to repel attack the Persians, Valens arrived in Antioch. Here he almost fell victim of a conspiracy, which was preparing against him Notaro Theodore. It began the investigation, according to the custom in vylivsheesya endless torture and executions. Due to the brutality of his character Valens did not take into account previous achievements and angrily attacked the onslaught of the guilty and the innocent; doubt was still very guilty, and the emperor no longer had doubts about the cars, so that some previously recognized its condemnation than that to them under suspicion. This persistent bias prevailed greed as his own, and courtiers. When the investigation was completed, the emperor spoke above all drawn to the cause without reservation the death penalty was then collected many manuscripts and books, all of it on fire in the presence of judges. They were brought from different houses as prohibited writings, wanting it as if to soften the impression of the murders, although they were mainly books on science, or free on the right (Marcellinus: 29; 1).

In 375, on the east were the first signs of the future of great upheaval. Under the blows of the countless hordes of Huns, Goths retreated to the Danube and sent an embassy to Valens with the humble request to take them to the Roman citizenship.

Valens allowed them to settle in Thrace. But soon, the indignant oppression of the Roman generals, the Goths revolted and began to ravage Thrace. Valens, leaving all things in the East, in 378, arrived in Constantinople, and then immediately went to Adrianople. Nephew Gratian, who ruled after the death of Valentinian in the western part of the empire, was in a hurry to help him with a large army, but Valens did not want to share with him the glory, and confident in its success, I decided to fight the Goths alone. When the battle began, the Gothic cavalry suddenly fallen from the steep mountains and the rapid onslaught knocked the cavalry of the Romans. The infantry was thus without cover, but still a long time holding back the pressure of barbarians. Finally system was broken, and the Romans turned into a rout. .Valent Remaining almost no entourage, fled from the battlefield. They say he was wounded by an arrow and, abandoned by all, he gave up the ghost. But according to another version, the eunuchs carried the wounded Emperor in a wooden hut and hid on the second floor. While he made a bandage, Goths surrounded the house, besieged it and burned the reeds with people.

Marcellinus says that Valens was faithful and reliable in friendship, hard to maintain discipline, faithfully guarding and coast provinces entrusted to him. However, he was uneducated, very avaricious, rough handling, irritable, eagerly listened to denunciations and did not distinguish truth from falsehood. By nature he was lazy and indecisive (Marcellinus: 31; 3-5, II- 14). Church historians add that Valens was very strongly committed to Arianism. Some say that this cocked his wife Domnica, and others - that he was greatly influenced by his cross Eudoxia. Whatever it was, he erected a severe persecution of the Orthodox Church (Theophanes: 360). Anyone who did not want to accept the Arian bishop Evzoya, ruled Antiochian Church, Valens banished from the temples, subjected to various tortures and executions. It was rumored that many Orthodox, he ordered to drown in the nearest river Orontes (Socrates: 4; 2).