Date of Birth: 02/26/1876
Place of birth: Vitebsk province
Fili & # 769; pp Isa & # 769; evich Goloshchekin (26 February 1876 Vitebsk province - October 28, 1941, the settlement Barbosh Kuibyshev region) - Soviet statesman and party leader, secretary of the Kazakh Regional Committee of the RCP (B), one of the active organizers of collectivization in Kazakhstan .
From the contractor`s family. After graduating from dental school, she worked as a dental technician. In 1903 he joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. Conducted revolutionary work in St. Petersburg, Kronstadt, Sestroretsk, Moscow and others. Cities. Member of the Revolution of 1905-1907. Since 1906 a member of the Petersburg Committee, since 1907 responsible organizer and member of the executive of the St. Petersburg Committee of the RSDLP. From 1909 he worked in the Moscow Committee of the RSDLP. In 1909 he was arrested and exiled to the Narym territory, fled in 1910. In 1912 at the 6 th (Prague) conference RSDLP elected to the Central Committee and its Russian office. In 1912 he elected a member of the Central Committee of the RSDLP. In 1913 he was arrested again and sent to Turukhansk Krai in Siberia and released only after the February Revolution.
After the February Revolution of 1917, the representative of the Central Committee of the St. Petersburg Committee of the Bolsheviks, Delegate 7 th (April) conference RSDLP (b). In May, Yakov Sverdlov, sending Goloschekin the Urals, local Bolsheviks ". For you went to the Urals t ... Philip ... very energetic person, with the right line" ( "Lenin`s Guard of the Urals", Sverdlovsk, 1967 with 196.). Member and Secretary of the Perm Committee of the RSDLP (b), then a member and secretary of the regional committee of the Interior. 6 th Party Congress (b) (2 July - 3 August). He was a member of the Perm, Ekaterinburg and then the Soviets, a member of the Board of the Ural region executive committee. He formed and led the Red Guard.
All R. October. as cases. 2nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets of the RNC arrived in Petrograd. He entered in Petrograd. RMC, participated in October. armament. Restore. At the 2nd Congress of Soviets of the RNC elected member. Russian Central Executive Committee. He took part in the negotiations with the Central Executive Committee Vikzhel. Goloshchekin recalled that before his departure to the Urals, Lenin is focused on the delay in convening and subsequent dispersal of the Constituent Assembly (see. "From February to October", Moscow, 1957, pp. 112-14). Upon arrival in November. Ekaterinburg sought to abolish created here united K-ta Nar. The authorities of the representatives of a number of social services. parties. He participated in liquidation of the former local state. structures. On December. member of the Ekaterinburg to-ta RSDLP (b).
As from May 1918, Commissioner of the Ural Military District, took in conjunction with AG Beloborodov decision on the execution of the royal family.
Since October 1924 - to 1933 he served as first secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. Organizer collectivization in Kazakhstan, resulting in the famine . Notable sadistic brutality, shooting for the slightest manifestation of discontent . Goloshchekin Kazakhs remained in memory as the most cruel and despotic ruler in the history of Kazakhstan. 
In 1933-1939 - Chief Arbiter of the USSR.
Arrested on October 15, 1939 on the orders of Beria and October 28, 1941 shot at Kuibyshev. Rehabilitated in 1961.