Feliks Volhovskiy

Picture of Feliks Volhovskiy

Citizenship: Russia


Volkhovsky Felix V. (1848, Poltava - 1914, London), who comes from an old noble family, early childhood spent in Novgorod-Volyn and the estate of his grandfather, school years - in St. Petersburg and Odessa. He studied as a volunteer at the Faculty of Moscow University, where he was in a revolutionary environment. I Gave University since classes had neither the time nor the means, worked as a clerk in a bookstore. In 1868 he was arrested for participating in the organization of an advocacy group for six months spent in St. Petersburg behind bars, after which the mother was given bail and police supervision. In 1869, for its proximity to Nechayev mug he was again arrested and held in custody for more than two years. It began pisatstihi. Freed, more than a year he lived in a village in the Kuban, then continued his revolutionary activities in Rostov and Odessa. In Rostov released handwritten journal "Forward" with the department of poetry, almost entirely fills his verses. After being arrested in 1873 and attempts to escape, he was sentenced to deprivation of rights and eternal exile in Siberia. While he was in prison, his wife and child had died. In exile he lived first in Tyukalinsk Tobolsk Province, which subsisted exclusively physical labor, then in Tomsk, intensively engaged in literary activities in the local and in the metropolitan press. For satires he was exiled to Irkutsk, where he moved to Chita, then to Kyakhta. It ran through Vladivostok to the United States, leaving Russia forever. The last years of his life in London, engaged in publishing and revolutionary activity. The only collection of poems "Random Song" was released in 1907 in Moscow and was soon seized by the authorities.

B. Zenzinov of F. Volkhov:

"... Felix Volkhovsky, the same Volkhovsky that 4-5 years ago, published in London" Volatile Leaves ", which have reached me in Moscow, when I was still a schoolboy. He was then already well over fifty (he was born in 1846) and he seemed old to us. True, he had heard bad (he was deaf in prison) and his beard was almost entirely white. Tall, lean, very mobile. His eyes burned with a sly twinkle and a mouth always ready to break a joke - sometimes good-natured, but sometimes caustic. It was a lot of Ukrainian humor; his favorite literary form was popular satirical poems, in which he ridiculed the political and social order in Russia.

He was a typical representative of the late 70s - the period of "going to the people", when revolutionary-minded Russian youths throwing his parents` home, to give up their privileges and property and idealistic impulse of went to the village to work there on the ground and carry the people the seeds of the new faith. Felix Volkhov was a member of the movement and one of the prominent figures of the famous trial of the 193 who made the era in the history of the Russian revolutionary movement. "

B. Zenzinov. Experienced. Ed. them. Chekhov. New York. 1953.