Fedor Kukoz

Picture of Fedor Kukoz

Date of Birth: 1924

Age: 91

Place of birth: village Styla

Citizenship: Russia


Fedor Kukoz was born in 1924 in Ukraine in the village Styla of Donetsk region, which is a Greek settlement. After graduating from school in 1940, he entered the Physics and Mathematics of the Rostov Pedagogical Institute. In the first year of high school, according to the memoirs, it was difficult to learn - affects the language barrier, and rural education. Through dedication and perseverance, he quickly caught up with their peers. Along with his studies in 1941 he worked as electrician. In 1942, he was interrupted Study, Fedor went to the front as a volunteer. He served first in the company of machine gunners, and then until the end of the war - a scout. He fought in the South-Western Front, and participated in many major operations of the Soviet troops. He was wounded twice and seriously wounded, he was awarded orders and medals.

After the war, he continued his studies at the Rostov State University, Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. It Was Stalin scholarship. In 1949 he graduated from the University with a degree. In the same year began his teaching career as an assistant in the department of physics NPI. Science has studied with Professor LI Antropov in the specialty. LI Antropov - known Soviet electrochemist. The NPI was head of the department and dean of the faculty. Later, after his departure to Kiev elected a korrespondenom Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. The NPI, he worked briefly, but he left a bright trace in the history of the Faculty of Chemical Technology. Suffice it to say that after his departure many departments in the faculty was headed by his students, and half the employees engaged in electrochemistry.

Fedor has worked with well-known scientists and leaders subsequently higher school VA Smirnov and MG Smirnova overhead. Grigoriev, VV Listopadova, V. Fedorov, and others. It was a young, energetic, friendly and ambitious company. They literally burned on the job, disappearing in their laboratories night and day. Fedor likes to recall those years, shrouded in romance and full of hope. It was a time when the country rose from the destruction of war, but they represented a new generation, which was destined in 50-60 years stand at the helm of university research and education.

four areas of activity of the university professors, in which Fedor has reached impressive results can be identified. This - the research and organization of science, administration, education and social activities.

Young F.I.Kukoz skeptical of the administration, he has repeatedly said in my circle, that it is impossible to combine science and administrative work. Subsequently, he successfully combined his entire life and even more.

As a physicist by training, he did his best work in the field of chemical engineering. Moreover, becoming a major technologist, has attracted a lot of physicists, engineers, and mathematicians to solve some of the chemical problems.

At the beginning of its work, Fedor faced a choice. He could easily make a political, as they said - a public career, and then easily take the highest chair, which would only have wished. He has been the war, he had military awards. That is what many of his peers. He chose the most difficult path of science. However, becoming a venerable scholar, with youthful passion suddenly entered public life.

Fedor man bold and creative, there were many different initiatives in his academic life. But every time reaching success when others cut their coupons, he started leaving his disciples, and was started a new business.

Scientist. Activities Fyodor Ivanovich as a scientist and as an organizer and administrator are closely related to each other, they can not be divided.

Fedor Kukoz published 510 works, including 54 books in many areas of technical electrochemistry. He obtained 205 patents and invention certificates, prepared 12 doctors and 81 PhD.

Fedor is among scientists who periodically change the direction of their work, and resolutely embarking on the development of new and promising areas of science for themselves. An excellent organizer, he was able to attract to their studies many new young talented researchers. His beginnings were followers of each defended candidate and doctoral dissertations. Thus, he was the founder of a number of new scientific directions, which left a deep mark in the history of the Faculty, and continues to evolve today. We can say that Fedor was founded in Novocherkassk electrochemists whole school. His students work across the country.

His academic career began with Fedor study the influence of ultrasound on the electrochemical processes. He developed a range of electrochemical techniques using ultrasound. Total recognition to his proposed methods for determining the zero charge potential with the help of ultrasound. Later Fedor expanded the range of his interests, began exploring the influence of magnetic fields on electrochemical systems. They developed special magnetometric methods of active mass battery control. Work on the use of ultrasound and magnetic field in electrochemistry were pioneering, they immediately made known among Fedor electrochemists country.

In 1967, after the departure of LI Antropov, he moved to the chair, which still works. The traditional direction of the department, which was headed by MF Skalozubov, were studies in the current sources in the first place - lead-acid batteries. Fedor quickly became the first assistant MF Skalozubova, and after his death was headed this direction. With the coming of Fedor range of research in the field of batteries greatly expanded. Firstly, a series of works in alkaline NiCd batteries has been performed, silver-zinc and cadmium-silver. Secondly, work began in a fundamentally new directions for current sources non-aqueous medium, and lithium oxide electrodes, solid electrolytes, thermal sources.

Fedor is able to identify promising areas of science, pick up talented leaders and create a workable research team. On the basis of the executed them with his students (AM Kolomoets, Vladimir Goncharov et al.) Works, there were two special department created in EDTB, which in 1993 was reorganized into an independent scientific and technological Design Bureau, as well as joint-stock company Industrial production of lithium cells. These structures are functioning successfully and we toyaschee time.

Another very interesting direction in the current sources are working on modeling of lead batteries (with VG Chernov and ON Lyubievym), which allowed the diagnosis and management of lead batteries.

In his work in the field of electrochemical energy Fedor closely been associated with all the leading branch institutes of the country, under his leadership, dozens of works have been performed for them, most of whom belonged to the most important, as carried out according to the provisions of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Council of Ministers or the USSR Academy of Sciences .

In 70 years with the participation of Fedor came yet another new direction - dimensional electrochemical machining of metals, which led his disciple Yu Kudimov. Fedor participated in the creation of the first in our country, semi-automated machines for electrochemical perforated stencil tapes and materials from high-alloy steel and permalloy.

In the same period, about Fedor has published (together with V. and VI Gladunov Goncharov) some interesting work on non-stationary electrolysis theory. The scientific novelty of this work consisted in the fact that the description of the transient regimes of electrolysis was proposed to take into account the finite speed of propagation of a wave of concentration in the solution of Fick`s equations. This approach allowed us to clarify a number of well-known classical equations of the transfer and explain many of the features of non-stationary electrolysis.

In 80-90 years Fedor has supported and actively participated in the development of a completely new direction in technical electrochemistry - electrodeposition of metals from colloidal electrolytes (ID Kudryavtseva), which continues to successfully grow and now.

A significant contribution to science were proposed Fyodor Ivanovich concept electrooxidation trivalent chromium to hexavalent involving concepts fi potential LI Antropov and bred them to equation of the kinetics of the hydrogen evolution under the influence of ultrasonic vibrations.

A characteristic feature Fedor Kukoza as a scientist is that he is able to identify promising areas of science and support them, even if they were not made under his leadership. Fedor advanced and developed many of their own ideas, but even more initiatives he supported his colleagues. Many new works at the university saw the light thanks to his assistance and participation. This great achievement Fedor as a science organizer.

Fedor loves working at the interface of science. It`s probably because he, as a physicist by training, succeeded in electrochemistry, in technology. It is widely attracted to his research specialists in various sciences - physicists, engineers, mathematicians, tommy. Fedor past has left its imprint on his work. He always strives to bring a rigorous theoretical explanation for the observed new effects, describe the mechanism of the process, even if the work relates to clean technology. The same he demands from his students. Fedor is characterized by high demands to the level of performed scientific works.

Administrator. Administrative activities Fedor was mainly related to the organization of scientific work. It is for 15 years held the post of vice-rector for scientific work. In 1970 Kukoz was chosen head of the department. Before him, the department in charge of Mikhail Fedorovich Skalozubov, large electrochemist. This department was one of the best in the institute. Fedor is not only supported by the prestige of the department, but also greatly enhance its credibility.

In 60-80 years the main indicator for evaluating the work of research teams, were the results of socialist competition. When Fyodor Ivanovich Department no time was the winner of the socialist competition on all counts: on the number of contracts, number of articles and patents including the protection and pr. Even on such parameter as a social activity students of the department was the first: from its ranks, was elected deputy of the 29th Congress Party and left many major business leaders. Somehow, inexplicably, he gained himself the best students.

When Fedor Department greatly expanded due to contract staff increased to 120 people, significantly increased the department`s Square. Own forces five new science laboratories were built. The department has been equipped with modern scientific equipment.

In 1968, Theodore was elected Dean of the Faculty of Chemical Technology. He then said that he was, and he became the dean against their will, but promises to do everything possible for the faculty as dean. Indeed, in a short time Fedor was able to increase all faculty performance. As dean, he not only engaged in administrative work, and published a monograph on the organization of administrative activity of the dean`s office.

In 1970, Theodore was appointed vice-rector for scientific work. Becoming provost, he had deep reform research sector, dramatically increased the volume of contracts (from 3.5 up to 35 mln. Rub.). The number of defenses of doctoral and master`s theses. all services science sector were reformed:. scientific library, patent office, research department, metrology department, etc. The employees of these services still consider that Theodore was a remarkable innovator, who was able to raise the performance of these services to the level corresponding to the highest level at the time . During his three OKB they were created at the institute, who were the most powerful scientific and technical centers in the North Caucasus.

At the time, funding of scientific work carried out only if the institution was introduced as a performer or contractor in the resolution of the CC CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers or the Academy of Sciences. Thanks to Fyodor Ivanovich Institute became engaged in the most important areas of science.

Special care FI Kukoza was graduate school. Despite the fact that he dramatically raised the bar for dissertations, graduate students loved him. He has provided all possible assistance in the defense of the thesis, including financial. Fedor has organized a number of special postgraduate courses, such as experimental design, programming, optimization. It was he who invited prominent scientists to give lectures to young scientists.

During his stay in Fedor Ivanovich Vice-Rector at the University Rector has changed three. It also says a lot. So, it was all necessary, and quit from the post of vice-rector of the age limit for Management Development.

Teacher and educator. The activities of the university teacher is divided roughly into two equal parts: education and science. Some prefer science. They believe that in high school all right, only interfere with the students. Others - for decades do not come in the science lab.

Activities FI Kukoza as a teacher and scholar, was very balanced. He achieved great results, and as a teacher, and as an educator. No wonder, once in 70 years in the newspaper published an article devoted to Fyodor Ivanovich. The newspaper at that time was the first newspaper of the Soviet Union, and this article is meant recognition of high merit Fedor.

He has published many books, textbooks, laboratory workshops on electrochemistry. But the greatest recognition among electrochemists country received book of problems in theoretical electrochemistry, released by publishing house under his editorship. It was a completely original edition, not a compilation. Most tasks have been written on the basis of scientific articles published in scientific academic publications.

Fedor has issued a number of scientific papers devoted to the development of the concept of higher education in the field of electrochemical production technology. However, he did not only theoretical work, he got around and before the practical, mundane affairs. For example, he personally carried out the coordination of training programs for electrochemistry, to avoid repetition of certain issues in the curricula of various departments. He carefully followed to ensure that all departments were taught at a high level, personally attending classes teachers related departments. Chemistry Department Students like Fedor, he is a constant participant in all their activities.

Public figure. Public activities Fedor can also be divided into two parts: the first is related to the continuation of his scientific work, and the second question puts the global education of students. Social activities were varied, but most often it manifests itself in the form of statements in the press. At one time he was the editor of the institute`s factory newspaper.

The faculty works for decades and is widely popular scientific seminar Kukoza. It covers not only purely scientific questions, but also philosophical, political and governmental problems of the modern world.

His vivid journalistic performances in the press causing extensive discussions on various issues of our lives. His hotly excite students` education issues, moral and ethical issues.

Public potential Fedor is so high that he often acted as arbitrator in the resolution of conflicts in the university.

How he managed to achieve such results?

At acquaintance with the works of Fyodor Ivanovich question arises: Fedor is a very talented man. As a real spy, he easily and quickly grasps the essence of the very complex issue. He can not stand the verbosity, but when it represents thick dissertation he cut up them to smithereens. Kukoz incredibly industrious. Clear mode - immutable law of his life. His working day for decades was built on the same scheme: he gets up early and engaged in physical labor at the site of the house. Then - current affairs in the institute. After 15 hours of the day, he is resting, but all aspirants know that from 18 to 20 hours it is possible to catch in his office.

It is characterized by high labor organization. Being himself a man vysokoobyazatelnym, it is the same demanded from his subordinates. He loves giving, but goes on it is not a car and a bicycle.

Fedor charming, erudite, witty man who has always enjoyed and enjoyed great success with women. Despite all the difficulties of life, he does not lose optimism and provides a perfect example of young people with their creative longevity.

Triboelektrohimiya - new love FI Kukoza.

Already after Fyodor celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday, he unexpectedly announced the opening of a new scientific field - triboelektrohimii. This science is at the crossroads of electrochemistry and mechanics, to be exact - the science of friction. From the surface potential depends on many properties of solids, including surface tension, and strength and coefficient of friction. By changing the polarization of the surface can affect many properties of solids, including the friction. Triboelektrohimiya promising scientific field that promises to get a lot of important technical applications. The name was introduced in the scientific literature Fyodor Ivanovich in 1996 registered a review article in the journal, today it is recognized. He managed to attract large scientific forces for a new job. Despite the fact that this area is still very young, to his credit already solid conference and thematic collections, and, most importantly, a lot of young people, graduate students, who are already beginning to develop their own ideas. Thanks to the achievements obtained in this scientific field, in 2003 the new specialty 120600 was opened in SRSTU (NPI). The curriculum of this specialty provides discipline. Fedor with his son VF Kukozom published a solid study guide (printed 25. L.) In this discipline.

It would be interesting to know that Fedor will come up the next time and what problem will be his next love?

Fyodor Ivanovich was born on February 29th. Thus, it turns out that in the eightieth birthday he will celebrate its twentieth birthday. It is very symbolic, since it is difficult to imagine that this rolling stock, human activity - eighty!