Fedor Keller

Picture of Fedor Keller

Date of Birth: 10/12/1865

Age: 53

Citizenship: Russia


Place of the nobility of Smolensk Province. Pension prep pupil Nicholas Cavalry School. On the Rights of the volunteer of the 2nd rank lower rank was admitted to the 1st Moscow Life Dragoon Regiment of His Imperial Majesty (1877). Member of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78. He was awarded: Military insignia of the Order of the 4th degree - "for the differences in matters under Sheinovo"; 3rd degree - "for engaging station Semenli Ternova." The first officer`s rank of ensign made for the difference between the highest order (1878). Passing an examination at the Tver cavalry cadet school for the right to manufacture in the following grades (1878). Transferred to the 6 th Hussars (18th Dragoons) Klyastitsky regiment, which has gone from cornet to the captain, the last 7 years, commanding a squadron (1880-94). "Excellent" concluded the officer cavalry school (squadron commanders Division) (1888-89). "For difference on service," promoted to lieutenant colonel (1894) and Colonels (1901). He served in the regiments: the 24th Dragoon Lubenskiy (1894-1901) and the 23 th Dragoon Ascension (1901). The adjutant commander of the Kiev Military District (1882-83). The commander of the Crimean Division (1901-03). He served in the 11th Dragoon Regiment Kharkov (1903-04). The commander of the 15th Dragoons of Alexandria (1904-06) and the Life Guards Dragoon (1906-10) regiments. Adjutant of His Imperial Majesty (1907). "In contrast," made a major general with enrollment in the retinue of His Imperial Majesty (1907-13). The commander of the 1st Brigade of the Caucasian Cavalry Division (1910-12). The commander of the 10th Cavalry Division (1912-15). Brilliantly conducted a battle against superior enemy forces under d Jaroslavice (1914) -. Military historians called "the last battle horse" not only of the Great War, but also the entire world military history. . In 1914 to Empress Alexandra Feodorovna she spoke of him: "... Count Keller does something incredible. With his division, he moved already Carpathians and, despite the fact that the Emperor asks him to be careful, he said to him, "go ahead." Big it done ... "Lieutenant General, commander of the 3rd Cavalry Corps (1915-17). Awards: Order of St. George 4-th (1914) and third (1915) degrees and George Arms (1916).

One of the two corps commanders, who openly expressed in a telegram to the request of General traitor Alekseevaprotiv abdication of the Emperor. Here`s how it happened. General Keller, brought together hundreds of representatives from each squadron and entrusted him to pieces, he said to them: "I have received a dispatch of the abdication of the Emperor and of some provisional government. I, your old commander, who divided with you and hardships, and sorrows, and joys, I do not believe that the Emperor at this moment could voluntarily give up on the death of the army and Russia. Here is a telegram that I had sent to the King (I quote from memory): "3rd Cavalry Corps does not believe that you, Sir, voluntarily abdicated Command, King, come and protect you." "AG Shkuro recalls.: "Hurrah, hurray! - shouted dragoons, Cossacks, hussars -. Support all, do not give into the Emperor`s resentment -. The hike was a huge all wanted to rush to the captive revenues, we thought the Emperor." Frightened generals traitors dispatched to the headquarters 3. . th cavalry corps standing in Orhei, the head of the 12th Cavalry division Lieutenant General Baron K. Mannerheim all entreaties of General-traitor "sacrifice personal political beliefs for the good of the army" Fedor Arturovich replied firmly: "I am a Christian and believe. that a sin to change the oath. "Soon, under the threat of a rebel general Keller ad was removed from command of the corps. Obeying, he said goodbye to his troops pass by the sound of Russian National Anthem `God Save the Tsar."

By refusing to swear allegiance to the Provisional Government, the general was in the reserve ranks at the headquarters of the Kiev military district (April. 1917). The telegram from Kharkov to Petrograd, the Minister-President Kerensky, he wrote (1917): "In view of the fact that my service to the Fatherland in the army is obviously no longer necessary, intercede before the Provisional Government to permit me to follow the Emperor Nicholas Alexandrovich in Siberia and on the resolution I composed at especially His Majesty, staying at your discretion in the reserve ranks or being fired due to my pension in retirement. Acceptance of Their Majesties have me to yourself deem to myself for a special favor, which due to the impossibility for me of her intercession I beg you to ask the Emperor and in case of the consent shall refuse orders quickly send me to Kharkov pass for free travel and living in a place residence of Their Majesties ".After the creation of the volunteer army, rejecting dubious" honor "to serve in it, in June 1918, he wrote to General Alexeyev," Association of Russian great thing, but the slogan is too uncertain, and even your every volunteer feels there is something unsaid, because everyone understands that collect and combine disintegrated only to one particular place or person. You do this face, which can only be a natural, legitimate Emperor, silent ... "" It is true that you, Mikhail, - he wrote on - hard to admit their error, but for the benefit and salvation of the homeland ... you owe it go and confess frankly and openly in his error ... and declare publicly that you go for the King. " Expressed it somehow and another white leader, "Kornilov - a revolutionary general ... let it tries to save Russian democracy ... I can lead the army only with God in the heart and in the soul of the King. Only faith in God and the power of the King could save us, only the old army and a nation-wide repentance could save Russia, and not a democratic army and the "free" people. We see what has brought us freedom: to shame and unprecedented humiliation. " However, according to Keller who knew General Lieutenant General P. Zaleski, Earl "to take an active part in the struggle with the Bolsheviks ... very much like, but only under the condition that this struggle was openly called autocratic Tsar of All Russia" . Possibility if such it was presented. While still in Kharkov, he proceeded to the formation of the Northern Army Staff ( "Northwest Pskov monarchist army"). The issued "calls the old soldier," the general Keller wrote: "During the three years of war, fighting with you on Galicia fields, in Bukovina, in the Carpathian Mountains, in Hungary and Romania, I have been often risky decisions, but adventure, I do not He never led. Now the time has come when I call you back after him, and the effluent leaving the first train to Kiev, and from there to Pskov ... For Faith, Tsar and Fatherland we have sworn to lay down their heads - it was time to do his duty ... Time lose no time - every minute counts! Think and read the prayer before the fight - the prayer that we read before our glorious victories, crossed himself and with God`s help ahead of the Faith, for the King and for the whole nashurodinu indivisible Russia. " On arrival in Kiev (1918), he continues to gather around him the officers. Orthodox eight-pointed silver cross - sleeve army sign was installed. (There is still the so-called breast "Cross General Keller" -.. White Maltese cross, emblematic similar cross votive Knights of Malta - which have survived as the information about the award). In Kiev, a few days before the planned departure of Pskov Metropolitan. Anthony (Khrapovitsky) served in the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra prayer, giving c. Keller his blessing. I bless him and Patriarch Tikhon. In 1967, "Ms EB" (referring to EN Bezak, born of thorns (1880-1971), wife of FN Bezaka (1865-), famous Kiev monarchist?) Testified: "Patriarch Tikhon sent then (in by 1918.) by Bishop [iskopa] Nestor Kamchatka Earl Keller (knight of honor and loyalty to the Emperor) neck ikonochku Reigning Mother of God and the communion bread, when he had to lead the Northern Army ... "But the general was not to fulfill his intention -" raise the Imperial Standard of two months on the Holy Kremlin. "

Just at this time, the situation deteriorated who ruled from January. 1918 in Kyiv Hetman P. Skoropadsky. Troops independence supporters (Petliura) came to Kiev. At the request of Hetman reinforced Keller takes over command of "all armed forces operating on the territory of Ukraine." Success sopustvoval general, but 14 Nov. he was dismissed for a word about the transition to it all power to the restoration of the monarchy, he expressed that day on Lukyanovka cemetery in Kiev during the funeral of brutally killed 33 officers of the Kyiv volunteer militia Major General L. Kirpichiova. Less than 3 weeks power Hetman fell. December 1. Kiev entered the Directory troops. General Keller was arrested Petliurists in Mikhailovsky monastery with have decided to share the fate of his general his two adjutants, Colonel AA Panteleyev and a captain Nikolai Ivanov. In 4 hr. December 8 am. 1918, all three had been shot in the back Petliurists at the Sofia Square near the monument to Bohdan Khmelnytsky. Saber killed General brought the "head chieftain" Petlyura. Icebound near the monument to Blood Keller thawed a few days later, that among the people of Kiev gave birth to believe that this blood to continue to "do not dry out and fall on the head of Ukraine."