Fedor Alex & # 769; & # evich head 769; n (1650 - July 30 (Aug. 10), 1706) - Russian diplomat and statesman, Field Marshal, Admiral-General (1700), Earl (1702). Was state chancellor, president Ambassadorial Affairs, Chief of the Naval Order, the head of the Armory, Gold and Silver Chambers, the governor of the Siberian, managing Mint Yamskoy the order of, the Count of the Roman Empire.
When the Princess Sophia was sent to Cupid (in Daura) to protect Albazina from the Chinese. In 1689 signed the Treaty of Nerchinsk, in which the Chinese conceded the Amur River to Gorbitsa inflow due to the inability to conduct a serious war with China.
In the Grand Embassy to the European courts (1697) Golovin, "general and military commissioner, the governor of Siberia", he was second after Lefort Plenipotentiary. In this period of life was the governor of Siberia and founded the town of Nerchinsk. At the beginning of his activity was devoted mainly fleet; abroad he hired foreigners in Russian service, they prepare everything necessary for the building of ships and was appointed chief on his return to the newly formed Russian naval command. In 1699, after the death of Lefort, Golovin was made General-Field Marshal and General Admiral, the first awarded the Order of the St Andrew (the main Russian state award), received in foreign affairs and superintendence occupied a preeminent position among government officials ( "first minister" , reviews of foreigners).
Held organizational and information for the preparation of the second Azov campaign of Peter I, during which he commanded the vanguard of the galleys, I reached together with Peter I the Don to the Azov. For participation in the second Azov campaign, he was awarded a gold medal.
In the years 1699-1706 was one of the closest associates of Peter I, the main leader of Russian foreign policy: diplomacy conducted extensive correspondence with Patkul, Mazeppa and directed the actions of Russian ambassadors: Dolgoruky in Poland, Tolstoy in Turkey, Golitsyn in Vienna, Matveeva in The Hague; the latter has committed "rage inflame" the British and the Dutch against the enemies of Peter and the Swedes. Golovin is particularly remarkable in that it has successfully acted in a new spirit, when other members of Peter only to learn more. The Emperor greatly appreciated Golovin, called him his friend, and in a letter informing of his death, signed "sorrow filled Peter".