Date of Birth: 05/11/1557
Place of birth: Moscow
According suicide orders of Ivan the Terrible, when dysfunctional Tsar Feodor was created by some sort of regency council, which consisted of five boyars: the king`s uncle Nikita Romanovich Zakhar`in, St. George, Prince Ivan Mstislav, Prince Ivan Petrovich Shuisky, Bogdan Yakovlevich Belsky and schurin Tsar Boris Fedorovich Godunov.
The clash between the members of the board, divided into two warring factions was inevitable. Initially Zakhar`in-Yuriev, relying on the Moscow nobility and townsmen tried to reconcile the service princes (Shumsky and Mstislav) and promoted by Ivan IV (Belsky and Godunov). But Belsky immediately engaged in dangerous political intrigues. Then on April 2! 584 years against him were inspired by the excitement of the Moscow suburb and was removed in the link v commander in Nizhny Novgorod.
At the end of the same year, St. George was ill and retired, that sharply aggravated the confrontation of Boris Godunov with Shuisky. Godunov endorsed writ bureaucracy headed by the clerk of the council Andrew and Vasili Shchelkalov, supporters of a strong centralized state. This allowed Godunov to get rid of another rival - IF Miloslavsky sent in 1585 to the St. Cyril-Belozersky Monastery and forced to tonsure monks there.
In 1586 the leaders of the clan boyar Shuisky tried, under the pretext of infertility Tsarina Irina, get a divorce it from Fyodor Ivanovich and thereby remove B. Godunov from power. In doing so they relied on Moscow townspeople. Boris managed to suppress occurred in the capital in May 1586 unrest, and soon IP Shuisky and his brothers were first deported to their ancestral lands, and then transported to Beloozero and Kargopol, where secretly killed.
After that, the boyar opposition was over, and Boris Godunov could now publicly become the regent your country of
va. He received the title of "ruler, servant and groom yard Boyar and magistrates," he Boyar Duma was granted the right of external relations.
To strengthen the economic position of the state government Godunov at the Church Council has made abolition of the tax-paying benefits churches and monasteries in 1584. At the same time carried out a census of land to accommodate total land fund, and therefore forbidden peasant transitions in St. George`s Day, and in 1597 issued a decree on the five-year term spying runaway peasants. This was an important step in the establishment of serfdom in Russia, thereby strengthens the economic situation of the service nobility. But the peasant was attached not to the landlord of the individual and to the ground. In addition, the attachment concerned only the owner of the yard, but not his children and nephews.
In an effort to limit the economic power of the church, the government cared Godunov at the same time, the growth of its authority, which found expression in the establishment in 1589 of the patriarchate in Russia.
! May 5, 1591 in Uglich in the attack, "epilepsy" died Tsarevich Dmitry (son of Ivan the Terrible by his last wife Maria Nagaya v), and the rumor of his death declared culprit of Boris Godunov. The sources did not give a clear answer to the question about the causes of the death of Prince, but it is clear that this tragedy has cleared the way to the throne Godunov.
During the reign of Fedor Moscow was decorated with new buildings. Updated all China Town, as the old buildings in 1595, destroyed by fire, when Moscow tried to set fire due to greed. Prince Vasili Schepin-Rostovsky and other fuses several houses, like the rich plunder the treasury, is stored in the Pokrovsky Cathedral. The thieves were caught and executed at the place of execution.
Having gone through all the terrible rulers in Russia, by some miracle still remained one share the Grand Duke in Tver - Simeon Berkulatovich known for being obyavlenIoannom Grozny during the oprichnina "Grand Duke". Simeon, directed by the Godunov, was blinded, as it seemed to Boris that he was sent from Tver from
Himself Fyodor Ivanovich, and blossoming youth who had no other thought but to the salvation of souls, the end of life is even less concerned about worldly life and of his kingdom. Tsar Fyodor walked and traveled from monastery to monastery, inviting the Greek higher clergy in Moscow, and prayed a lot. At the end of 1597, Fyodor was seriously ill. January 6, 1598 opened up clear signs of imminent death.
King gradually lost his sight and hearing, he constantly turned his dying eyes on Godunov. Boyars were silent. The people loved Fedor as the last king of the blood of Rurik and Vladimir Monomakh. Before his death, he wrote Fedor spiritual charter, which states that the power passed into the hands of Irina. Chief Advisor to the throne were assigned two - the patriarch Job and brother in law of the king Boris Godunov.
Fedor spoke with Irina alone before death. The content of the conversation remained unknown. January 7, 1598 at one o`clock Fedor gave up the ghost, without convulsions and trembling, imperceptibly, as if asleep softly and sweetly.
In 1598 with the death of childless Fyodor Ivanovich Rurik dynasty ruling ceases to exist.