Date of Birth: 10/31/1882
Place of birth: Kronstadt
"The hypothesis captain Gernet," weekly "Alphabet" No.23, 2000.
"One day I was at Gorky at his country house in Gorki - wrote Paustovsky in the book of memories -. Then I just read a very rare book one of our sailor, Captain Gernet was called." Ice scab "I told Gorky about the theory. Gernet. he drummed his fingers on the table, and it seemed to me that he listens to me only out of politeness. But it turned out that he had been captured by this theory, it irrefutably slim, and even some solemnity.
He discussed it for a long time, more and more animated, and asked him to send this book to republish it in large numbers in Russia. For a long time talking about how many smart and good surprises lying in wait for us at every step. "
Bitter indeed carried away by theory Gernet. Even his French friend, writer Romain Rolland wrote: "I met a man a book that offers to destroy the polar ice caps and return Siberia and Canada" a haven "Miocene This fantasy speaks to initiate creative ideas aimed to target the real." Change the world ".
But then - at least, in the Soviet Union - it was going to change the world in a different way. Gorky left to live for two years, the arrests were still going to quietly, but figures for the crowded camps in Siberia were ready. Gernet book was published in Japan - in Russian.
Who is he, the captain Gernet?
Eugene S. Gernet was born October 31, 1882 in Kronstadt; He came from an old noble family. The family of Peter the Great honored and admired the nobility of the Decembrists officers. From a young age dream about the sea. After graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg, he was appointed as a junior navigator on the battleship "Victory", was a part of the Port Arthur squadron. On the eve of Russian-Japanese war transferred to the gunboat "Brave". The chronicle of the battle for Port Arthur shows: gunboat "Beaver" and "Brave" carrying guard service in the outer roads, meeting the enemy artillery fire destroyers. For bravery and courage of Warrant Officer Gernet he was awarded the Order of the first battle - St. Anne`s 4-th degree..
Order Admiral SO Evgeny Makarov Gernet appointed chief of the watch of the fleet destroyer squadron Arthur "Lieutenant Burakou". The crew of this ship do not just have to break through the Japanese blockade, to make bold flights between Port Arthur and Yingkou, delivering operational reports. Due to Yingkou Port Arthur 8:00 move at a speed of 28 knots. Japanese intelligence has always known how to penetrate Russian destroyer ship and tried to drive into a trap. However, the destroyer was elusive. In June 1904 Ensign received a second award - the Order of St. Stanislaus 3rd Class with Swords..
After the death of SO Makarova was the commanding fleet, Rear Admiral VK Vitgeft. Formally. In fact, the good output of the squadron in the sea he must receive from the Adjutant General EI Alekseev, governor of His Imperial Majesty in the Far East. Headquartered Alekseeva was in Mukden. Two liaison officer on the way to Mukden with secret orders ended up in captivity. Midshipman Gernet proposed Rear Admiral Vitgeft his plan. Rejecting the Chinese-conductor, Eugene Gernet one went to sea on a sailing junk, reached the mainland, gave the courier dispatch from Mukden night and returned to Port Arthur. Rear Admiral Vitgeft did not stint on the award:. Order of St. Vladimir 4-th degree decorated chest midshipman.
Then there was the surrender of Port Arthur. Captivity. While in Matsuyama camp Gernet learned that he was promoted to lieutenant of the Russian Navy.
FURTHER SERVICE Chevalier three orders did not work. Yes, after the war, he successfully completed a course at the Academy navigator, sailed in the Mediterranean Sea on the "Tsarevich", participated in 1908 in the rescue of the inhabitants of Messina during the eruption of Mount Etna. But too strongly the young officer was besieging navy fleet with suggestions of reform. Eventually Gernet was forced to resign. But he did not let the sea: he became the captain of the Volunteer Fleet. Before the First World War. In 1914, Captain 2nd Rank Gernet received the command of the Black Sea Fleet destroyer "Kaliakra". Destroyer proved lucky, his commander - strict but fair. By royal awards and medals for saving the Italian inhabitants of Messina added another - he kept it until his death: a silver cigarette case, the destroyer crew a birthday present, with an unusual sign: "Commander - Man".
After October, officers of the Russian navy greatly thinned. Some were picked up on bayonets and thrown overboard sailors brutalized, others left Russia. Gernet stayed. Yesterday signalers, warrant officers, lieutenants held important staff positions. Commander of Naval Forces of the Republic appointed Vasily Altvater, Gernet classmate at the Naval Cadet Corps.
The new team will play a role in the fate Yevgeny Sergeyevich. In the record Gernet list were such positions: Head of the Volga Flotilla (1918), Head of Division patrol ships of the Baltic Fleet (1919), commander of the Azov Flotilla (1920), the chief commander of the Black and Azov Seas, Head of the Novorossiysk region Caucasian coast of Defense (1920- 1921). But after the Civil War, giving up all the posts offered to him in the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic, Gernet went to the Far East, entered the Sovtorgflot and was immediately appointed captain of the ship "Indigirka": drove salt, fish, go to Chukotka and Kamchatka, in Japanese ports Tsuruga and Nagasaki.
In Moscow could not have been unaware that by releasing the man-of-war`s man Gernet the Far East, the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic of deprived, as they say, a valuable frame. His knowledge and skills are not confined to the fact that he could command a ship and a fleet. Eugene S. fluent in three European languages, could explain in Japanese. On the captain`s bridge "Indigirka" I had to leave. Gernet was sent to China in order VK Blucher as naval advisor, and a year later, in 1927, he was sent to the Soviet Embassy in Tokyo.
Soviet-Japanese Convention on the basic principles of relations from 25 January 1925 recorded the parties` agreement to develop trade, fisheries, opening concessions, coal and oil, on Sakhalin. The Convention was operating instructions for Gernet. From the Far East to Japan exported wood, fish products, coal and agricultural products, the transit of the north-eastern provinces of China to Japan via Vladivostok. Gernet was obliged to all shipping to ensure these goals for chartering cargo vessels.
Strange, but at this time, when he seemingly was not a single free minute, Gernet starts to work on the book "Ice scab". An experienced captain, he often met in the North Atlantic and in the polar seas, icebergs, thought about their nature. And I put forward the hypothesis of climate change. Captain resolute: "Humanity faces a choice - to die from a new ice age or return to the first Miocene paradise inevitably, for the second need some effort.". Gernet convinced that the task is technically feasible, and its decision will make Siberia and Canada are the main granaries of the Earth; considerably reduced and international trade routes - the shortest way from Tokyo to London is across the Bering Strait.
Book Eugene Gernet "Ice scab" was published in Tokyo in 1.930 of 70 years before the German and American scientists sailor-professional and amateur glaciologist predicted that the shift of the geographic poles can be explained only by the melting of ice: there is a continuous deposition of ice, which is relative to the pole asymmetrically - respectively asymmetrically acting Earth`s rotation, displacing the polar regions to the equator. Today, there are calculations of the geophysicists Frankfurt and Harvard Universities: North geographic pole is moving towards Japan at a speed of 6 cm per year.
A quarter of a century later, in 1955, he published an article by an American geologist Stokes. Regardless of Gernet he suggested the same hypothesis. A year later, an article was published in the journal "Science", the views of the authors M. Ewing and V. Dunn coincided with the hypothesis of Russian sea captain. The theory of ice ages began to call the names of M. Ewing and V. Dunn. Only 10 years later, in 1965, French scientist L. Liburti in the two-volume "Course glaciology" restored justice: a new hypothesis should be called a hypothesis Gernet-Stokes.
Perhaps the best that wish Gorky did not have time to implement - a book Yevgeny Sergeyevich in the USSR not from afar. Then he would certainly lit up, and, God forbid, when checking the NKVD would have been declared a "Japanese spy". When the arrests began to fade and become friends, just in case Gernet Sidor stocked with clean linen, soap, tooth powder and brush. But humbly wait for their fate did not - has moved to the North, in the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk, settled in a scientific expedition, and did not leave the ice-breaking vessels "Sadko" until the end of navigation, "Siberians" and the schooner "Polar Star".
Vykraivaya spare time watch, created the "Blizmeridialnye table" needed in navigation. Subsequently, they were included in all textbooks on Nautical Astronomy. Gernet also belongs to the development of a new type of marine and aeronautical charts for the polar latitudes.
Eugene S. Gernet died in the siege of Leningrad, August 8, 1943 Probably the best of it said to Gorky in a letter shortly before his death: "He was one of those people who say thank you for the humanity that they lived in the world."