Date of Birth: 12/15/1881
Place of birth: Rottenburg am Neckar
He was one of the twelve sons of a merchant from Rottenburg am Neckar. He studied law at the universities of Tubingen, Bonn and Berlin, received his doctorate in public law sciences. In his student years involved in Catholic youth movement.
From a young age he took part in political activity in the ranks of the Center Party, which relied on the support of German Catholics. In 1912-1933 - deputy of the Reichstag (in 1919-1920 - the Weimar National Assembly), in 1913-1933 - deputy of the Landtag of Wurttemberg. In 1918 - the judge in the trial court. In 1919 - Minister of Justice, in 1923 - the Minister of Internal Affairs of Wurttemberg. In 1928, after winning the election by a small margin he became state president of Wurttemberg; concurrently served as Minister of Internal Affairs. He was the first Catholic to head the traditionally Protestant land. An adherent of the Catholic social doctrine, the opponent of the Nazi party.
In 1933, he criticized the newly established government of Adolf Hitler, spoke in defense of freedom and the Catholic Church, which caused a negative reaction on the part of the Fuhrer. March 11, 1933 was dismissed from the post of state president of Wurttemberg; his successor, under the pressure of Nazi Gauleiter of the NSDAP Landtag chose Wilhelm Murr. Despite the strong moral doubt Bolz agreed with compulsory voting faction of the Centre in the Reichstag on March 23 of the Emergency Powers Act. June 19, 1933 he was arrested and imprisoned in a concentration camp, where he spent many weeks.
After the liberation Bolz worked in a business organization. In 1941-1942 he joined the anti-Nazi mug, led by former Lord Mayor of Leipzig Carl Friedrich Goerdeler. He considered as candidates for ministerial posts in postnatsistskom German government - the minister of cults and the Minister of Internal Affairs. After the failure of the assassination attempt on Hitler July 20, 1944 Bolz was arrested (August 12). December 21, 1944 the People`s Court of Justice sentenced him to death, and 23 January of the following year, he was hanged in Berlin Pl