Date of Birth: 10/25/1972
In June 2003, she became a founding member of the academic center of `Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab`, and in 2009 became a Fellow of the MacArthur Foundation (MacArthur Foundation Fellow), often referred to as` the grant for geniev`. In 2010, Esther Duflo medals she won the John Bates Clark (John Bates Clark Medal), which is awarded to economists under the age of 40 who have made a significant contribution to the development of economic thought. She also became the first winner of the Calvo-Armengolya International Prize (Calv & # 243; -Armengol International Prize), which is awarded every two years of the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona Graduate School of Economics) to the best young researchers in the field of economics or social sciences for his contribution to theory and understanding of the mechanisms of social interaction.
Esther Duflo was born October 25, 1972. After receiving his secondary education at the Lycee Albert Camus (Lyc & # 233; e Albert Camus) in Bois-Colombes (Bois-Colombes), the Ile-de-France (& # 206; le-de-France), she was admitted to the preparatory class of the Lyceum Henry IV (Lyc & # 233; e Henri IV) in Paris (Paris). First Duflo studied history in school & # 201; cole normale sup & # 233; rieure and worked on a voluntary basis in non-governmental organizations, such as` & # 201; claireuses et & # 201; claireurs unionistes de France`. On the advice of Thomas Piketty (Thomas Piketty) she started studying Applied Economics. In 1994, Duflo received a master`s degree in history and economics (with a dissertation on the history of the first five-year plan in the USSR (Soviet Union)), and in 1995 - DEA, diploma in-depth higher education, the Paris School of Economics (& # 201 ; cole d` & # 233; conomie de Paris). She also worked at the American economist Jeffrey Sachs (Jeffrey Sachs) and its French counterpart, Daniel Cohen (Daniel Cohen). In 1999, Duflo has received a teaching position at the Faculty of Economics at MIT and joined the teaching staff of the Faculty immediately after finished his doctoral thesis - also at MIT. In 2002, at the age of 29 years, Esther has been raised to associate professor. She then spent a year at Princeton University (Princeton University) and in 2004 returned to MIT as a professor with the conclusion of a contract for life, making her the youngest professor at the Faculty so honored.
The main focus of her research is the development of the economy - with a focus on health, education, gender and politics, as well as the fight against corruption and providing loans. Together with Abhijit Banerjee (Abhijit Banerjee), Karlanom Dean (Dean Karlan), Michael Kramer (Michael Kremer), John Sheet (John A. List) and Sendhillom Mullaynatanom (Sendhil Mullainathan) Esther was one of the key figures in promoting the field experiments as an important methodological tool in the detection of the cause-effect relationships in the economy.
In 2003, the American Economic Association (American Economic Association) awarded her a prize Elaine Bennett (Elaine Bennett Research Prize), which is awarded to women-economists under the age of 40 years, has made a remarkable discovery in the field of economy. In 2005, the `Le Monde` awarded Esther as` the best young French ekonomista`, and in February 2010, Duflo received his first honorary doctorate from the Belgian Catholic University of Leuven (Universit & # 233; catholique de Louvain). Duflo was appointed the first editor of `American Economic Journal: Applied Economics` and is one of the editors of` Review of Economics and Statistics` and `Journal of Development Economics`, as well as part of the drafting committee` Annual Review of Economics`. She also writes a monthly column in the daily French newspaper `Lib & # 233; ration`.