Erving Goffman

Picture of Erving Goffman

Date of Birth: 06/11/1922

Age: 60

Place of birth: Manville

Citizenship: United States

One of the most cited scientists

Erving Goffman (Erving Goffman) - American sociologist and author of Canadian origin; The 73rd president of the American Sociological Association (American Sociological Association), whose greatest contribution to social theory was the study of symbolic interaction in the form of dramatic perspectives, which was launched on-book Hoffmann `Presentation of Self in everyday zhizni` (The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life ), published in 1959. Winner of several prestigious scientific awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship grant in 1977-1978 and awards MacIver (MacIver award) from the American Sociological Association, which Hoffman has received for his first book in 1961.

In 2007, Hoffman became the sixth in the list of most cited scientists in the field of Humanities and Social Sciences, according to rating `The Times Higher Education Guide`, conceded the Englishman Anthony Giddens (Anthony Giddens), but ahead of the German Jurgen Habermas (J & # 252; rgen Habermas) .

Hoffman was born June 11, 1922 in Mannville, Alberta, Canada (Mannville, Alberta, Canada). He came from a family of Ukrainian Jews who had come to Canada with a huge flow of former Russian citizens just before the start of the 20th century. Later the family moved to Manitoba in Dauphin (Dauphin, Manitoba) province, where the boy`s father had quite a successful tailor business. Actress Frances Bay (Frances Bay) - his older sister. After graduating from high school St. John`s Technical High School in Winnipeg (Winnipeg), Erving became a student at the University of Manitoba (University of Manitoba), by its core specialization chemistry, in the first year of World War II. However, he interrupted his studies and moved to Ottawa (Ottawa), to work in the Canadian National Film Board (National Film Board of Canada), founded by British documentarian John Grierson (John Grierson). He soon became interested in sociology and met with the future of the famous North American sociologist Dennis Rong (Dennis Wrong). These meetings served to Hoffman incentive to leave the University of Manitoba, and to transfer to the University of Toronto (University of Toronto), Erving who graduated in 1945 with a BA in sociology and anthropology. Soon after, he enrolled at the University of Chicago (University of Chicago), in 1949 received a master`s degree in sociology, and in 1953 defended his doctoral dissertation, for the writing of which he spent a year at one of the smaller Shetland Islands (Shetland island), collecting material about the local community isolated.

In 1952-1954 Hoffmann was a junior researcher at the Faculty of Sociology of the University of Chicago. From 1954 to 1957 he was a fellow at the National Institute of Mental Health (National Institute of Mental Health) in Bethesda, Maryland (Bethesda, Maryland), one of the largest research centers in the world dedicated to the study of mental disorders. In 1958, Hoffman joined the University of California at Berkeley (University of California, Berkeley), and a half-year stint teaching assistant, in 1959, he was appointed lecturer and in 1962 became a professor of sociology and remained so till 1968. Hoffman then moved to Philadelphia (Philadelphia) and became a professor of anthropology and sociology at the University of Pennsylvania (University of Pennsylvania) - from 1969 to 1982.

Hoffman has been married twice, had two children, a son and a daughter. His first wife was a psychologist and committed suicide. He died of stomach cancer 19 November 1982, aged 60, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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