Date of Birth: 07/02/1920
Citizenship: United States
En Wang was born in Shanghai in 1940, he graduated from Shanghai University of Transport and Communications with a degree in electrical engineering. He emigrated to the US in June 1945, for admission to the Master`s degree from Harvard University, where he received a Ph.D. in physics in 1948. After that I was working at Harvard Howard Aiken on the project Mark IV, the first fully electronic computer Aiken. Wang invented a device for impulse control, together with a school friend Wei-Dong Wu, who was ill to obtain a patent. The new device performs an operation record-after-reading, thereby creating a magnetic core memory. In 1951, Harvard has reduced financial support for computer research that prompted Ena Wang to leave.
In June 1951, Wang founded a sole proprietorship Wang Laboratories. The first years were unprofitable and Wang got hold of 50,000 dollars of working capital by selling one third of telescopes manufacturer Warner & Swasey Company. In 1955, after obtaining a patent on magnetic core memory, Wang sold it to IBM for $ 500 000 and corporatized Wang Laboratories in conjunction with Ge-Yao Chu, another classmate. The company grew slowly and in 1964, sales volume reached one million dollars. Wang began to produce various models of desktop electronic calculators with digital displays, including the central calculator with you to connect remote terminals. In 1970, the company`s sales reached $ 27 million and a staff of 1,400 employees. In 1976, the company began to produce computers for word processing, created by Wang in 2200, one of the first desktop computers with a large CRT monitor.
In addition to the production of calculators and computers to process kompaniyaVanga texts in the early 1970s, it has expanded production and began to produce minicomputers. Wang VS minicomputer supports simultaneous operation of multiple users, and was similar to the IBM System / 360, in particular, had a compatible instruction set. The headquarters of Wang Laboratories, the staff of which by 1989 was already more than 30 000 people, located in Tewkesbury, and then in Lowell. When Wang decided to move away from the management of the company in 1986, he insisted on the transfer of control to his son Fred Wang. The company began to incur losses and En Wang was forced to finally fire his son in 1989.
En Wang also founded in 1979 the Institute of Postgraduate Education Wang (Wang Institute of Graduate Studies) located in Tingsboro, which offers graduates of a training program in the field of software design and development. He made significant contributions to this organization, including income from the sale of his autobiographical book "Lessons." Despite this, willing to learn, and there was little in 1987, Wang decided to discontinue financial support for the Institute and passed ownership to Boston University.
Wang also made an important contribution to the reconstruction of the Boston architectural monument, which was later named the Metropolitan Theatre. In 1983 it was renamed The Wang Theatre, and the Metropolitan Center became known as Wang Center for the Performing Arts.
After his death from cancer in 1990, CN Wang left an impressive technical and philanthropic legacy. In 1988 he was accepted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
He and his second wife Loraine lived in Lincoln, where she still lives. They have three children - Fred, Courteney (manages the regional Internet provider