Date of Birth: 04/15/1858
Place of birth: Epinal
Emile Durkheim (Emile Durkheim) was born in 1858 in Epinal (Lorraine). In 1882 he graduated from the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris and began teaching philosophy in high schools. In 1886-1902 gg. He lectured at the University of Bordeaux, and from 1902 he was a professor at the Sorbonne, where he led one of the world`s first sociology departments.
In 1898-1913 gg. Durkheim published the journal "Sociological Yearbook". Journal Staff, supporters of sociological views of Emile Durkheim, formed the core of the so-called "French sociological school," which occupies a leading position in the European sociology of up to 30-ies of XX century. Durkheim died in 1917 in Fontainebleau, near Paris.
Among the works of Durkheim, devoted to the study of religion, should highlight his latest book "The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Totemic system vAvstralii "(1912).
Durkheim defended the specific nature of social reality and its paramount importance in the formation and regulation of consciousness and human behavior. Based on this, he openly proclaimed religion a social phenomenon. In contrast, existing in his time, the concepts of the origin of religion Durkheim argued that no observation of any person on the outside, not on their own nature, could not give rise to religious beliefs. These beliefs could have arisen only in a society in the field of collective notions that a person receives is not from personal experience, but which are imposed on him by the social environment. Durkheim assigned the important role of religion in society and argued that it will exist as long as there is humanity, changing only its shape.