Emil Adolf Behring
Date of Birth: 03/15/1854
Place of birth: Hansdorf (Prussia)
BERING, EMIL ADOLF (Behring, Emil Adolf von) (1854-1917), German bacteriologist, was awarded in 1901 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the protective properties of the sera. Born March 15, 1854 in Hansdorfe (Prussia). He graduated from the University of Berlin (1880), worked as a military surgeon. Since 1889 - the laboratory of the famous German bacteriologist R.Koha at the Institute of Infectious Diseases in Berlin. Since 1894 - Professor of Hygiene of the University of Halle, since 1895 - Professor and Director he established the Institute of Experimental Therapy in Marburg. Major works are devoted to the Bering animal immunization methods and the person against infectious diseases. In 1890 he discovered the phenomenon of immunity, showed that immunity to tetanus in animals can cause by introducing them to other animal serum blood who have had the disease. This was a prerequisite for an explanation of acquired immunity as a manifestation of the protective action of antitoxin produced in the course of the disease. In 1890 Behring received tetanus and diphtheria serum developed a vaccine against bovine tuberculosis.
Among the works Bering - Practical tasks serum treatment (Die praktischen Ziele der Blutserumtherapie, 1892); General Medicine Infectious Diseases (Allgemeine Therapie der Infektionskrankheiten, 1893); Etiology and treatment of tetanus (& # 196; tiologie und & # 228; tiologische Therapie des Tetanus, 1904); Introduction to the treatment of infectious diseases (Einf & # 252; hrung in die Lehre von der Bek & # 228; mpfung der Infektionskrankheiten, 1912).
Behring in Marburg died March 31, 1917.