Date of Birth: 08/04/1900
Place of birth: London
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Bows Elizabeth Lyon was born August 4, 1900, in the last months of the reign of Queen Victoria. The daughter of Lord and Lady Glamis, she became the ninth, penultimate child in the family. The closest in age to her was the brother of David, with whom she spent time at the family homestead in the county of Hertfordshire in a secluded castle Glamis in Scotland. In school, Elizabeth walked a very short time - in accordance with the tradition of its time engaged in the formation of home teachers.
The carefree childhood of the future Queen Mother was overshadowed by the death of her older brother, Fergus, who was killed in the First World War. During the war, her mother arranged in the family castle of Glamis sanatorium for wounded soldiers, and Elizabeth helped take care of them. Since then it has always maintained close links with the military. Later, Elizabeth herself received the rank of Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Scotland Black Watch, which served her brother Fergus. The queen-mother still holds honorary positions and ranks of more than 20 military units in Britain and the Commonwealth countries.
Of course, the daughter of Lord and Lady Glamis spent much time in the highest circles of society. One of her friends, Lady Buxton, once lightly foretold that Elizabeth was destined to break many hearts. One of the men, conquered by her charm, turned Prince Albert, the second son of King George V and the future King George the Sixth. Shy by nature, Prince Albert was struck cheerful character of Elizabeth. In the end, his persistence paid off - in January 1923, Elizabeth agreed to marry him.
The wedding took place April 26, 1923, and became a young Duke and Duchess of York. Now it seems strange, but the event was not broadcast on the radio. The Archbishop of Canterbury was concerned that this broadcast will listen in pubs - while men will not shoot hats! After the wedding, the couple spent their honeymoon at the estate in the county of Surrey and in Scotland. In 1296 Elizabeth and Albert celebrated the birth of their first child, Elizabeth. The second daughter, Margaret Rose (today - Princess Margaret) was born four years later.
In January 1936, King George V died and the throne passed his older brother Albert - Edward. However, Edward was forced to abdicate in order to marry the American Wallis Simpson. She was divorced, and at that time, such a marriage was invalid. Thus, unexpectedly, Elizabeth became Queen. Albert became King George the Sixth. The coronation took place in May 1937.
During World War II, the king and queen turned into a symbol of resistance to Nazism. Elizabeth flatly refused to leave England, despite the fact that the Government is strongly recommended that she go to Canada. Little princess never leave without me, I never leave without the King, and the King will never leave England, - she said. At the height of the London bombings, one bomb hit straight to Buckingham Palace. Fortunately, nobody was hurt.
When in Europe, at peace, in Windsor came home calm and well-being. Windsors again enjoyed respect in the country - it seemed that England had forgotten about the scandal with Edward rocked the monarchy in only a decade before. However, tragedy struck soon. The king had often bolevshy, in February 1952, died suddenly of cancer. New queen was the young Princess Elizabeth - her coronation took place a year later.
After her husband`s death the Queen Mother went to Scotland. Trying to escape, she began to lead a solitary restoration Mey Castle. Later, the castle became her favorite home. Elizabeth also interested runs and purchased several horses-champions in the coming years. She soon returned to her public duties, and her schedule was no less dense than when she was a queen.
In recent years, the British royal family has gone through a number of troubles. Divorced Prince Charles and Princess Diana, shortly after that Diana broke in a car accident. All this time the Queen Mother remained the mainstay of the family, cementing her and helping her to maintain dignity. Meanwhile, the years do not come - Elizabeth underwent surgery for a transplant of both hip joints. Her favorite grandson Prince Charles once called it an amazing example of vitality, humor, warmth, inner peace and, above all, good taste ...
Each of her birthday, especially centenary acquired the character of a national ritual. And all this time the Queen Mother remained at the center of social life - it could be seen at charity receptions and the most important sporting events.
All these years, the Queen Mother continued to enjoy remarkable popularity. In a country where the royal family and critical of the very necessity of the monarchy is increasingly being questioned, she was treated with the utmost respect. Many have forgotten the time when she was appealing the Duchess of York, and then the queen - its much better known as the Queen Mother, or even the "queen-mom."