Date of Birth: 07/07/1207
Place of birth: Bratislava
Princess Elizabeth was born on July 7, 1207 according to some sources in Bratislava, the other in Sarospatak. She was the third child Andras II of, and his first wife, Gertrude. From the age of four, Elizabeth lived at the court of Thuringia landgraves in Marburg and the Wartburg castle near Eisenach, and was seen as the future wife of Prince Ludwig. When Elizabeth was 14 she and Ludwig, who by that time the ruler of Thuringia, were married. The marriage was happy, only Ludwig and Elizabeth had three children: Hermann, Sophia and Gertrude.
In 1223 Franciscan monks introduced Elizabeth to the ideals of poverty and compassion preached by their order. Franciscanism has made a strong impression on Elizabeth, and she decided to live in accordance with its spirit of helping the poor and the poor. Great influence on Elizabeth acquired Conrad of Marburg, a stern preacher of the Crusades and the Inquisitor. In Eisenach due Landgrafin was built a large hospital for the poor. All his spare time Elizabeth otdavalasluzheniyu disadvantaged. In prayer she is portrayed surrounded by beggars and cripples, awaiting treatment.
Her husband, a man rude, reproached his wife, saying that she was vain squandering money and food, and when the rumor spread that Landgrafin wants to sell the castle to help the needy, forbade her to engage in charity. The Life of Elizabeth tells the story of how one day her husband met her in the street when she was carrying bread in an apron, to convey it to the poor. When he opened his apron, to see what was in it, then I found him full of roses. (The same legend was borrowed inhabitants of Spain and Portugal, and tells about her great-niece and namesake Saint. Isabella of Portugal, see. The miracle of the roses). Legend of her charity says that once she put the leper baby in his bed. Her husband came home in a rage threw the blanket and found no sick child, and the Christ Child lying there. After these miracles, according to legend, the Landgrave`s wife allowed to continue charitable activities.
In 1226, Ludwig went to Cremona, where he represented the Emperor Frederick II in the Reichstag of the Holy Roman Empire. Elizabeth took their hands on the board in Thuringia, where raging hunger and epidemics caused by severe flooding. Elizabeth ordered to distribute across its territory was subject to generous alms. To help the needy have gone even their own clothes Landgrafin and church utensils.
A year later, Ludwig took part in the Sixth Crusade, but in the Italian city of Otranto had contracted the plague and died. After his death, regent for minor Henry was his uncle, the brother of Ludwig Heinrich. Elizabeth was removed from the court, but did not return to Hungary and went to the monastery. Instead, she brought a vow of celibacy, and decided to be disadvantaged by joining the third Franciscan order, thus becoming the first German Franciscan tertsiarkoy.
In 1228, she founded in Marburg hospital for the poor, which worked on an equal basis with others. She cared for the sick, and in ostalnoevremya collect alms for the needs of the hospital. November 17, 1231, Elizabeth died in Marburg aged only 24 years old.
In 1235, Pope Gregory IX canonized Elizabeth of Hungary.
During the Reformation, in 1539, the relics of St. Elizabeth were captured and vandalized, but returned to Marburg a few years. Currently, the holy relics kept in Vienna, Brussels, Viterbo and the Church of St. Cecilia (Dusseldorf-Benrath). Elizabeth of Hungary considered the patroness of Franciscan third order, health workers, bakers and members of charities.
Memory of St. Elizabeth of Hungary in the Catholic Church - 17 of November.
Elizabeth is especially venerated in Germany, considered the patroness of Thuringia and Hesse. Her image is widespread in the art of Northern Europe. For the Franciscans, it is a symbol of feminine grace and appears in the works of Italian painters of the Order.
In honor of Elizabeth of Hungary consecrated famous Blue Church in Bratislava.