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Ekaterina Breshko-breshkovskaya

Picture of Ekaterina Breshko-breshkovskaya

Date of Birth: 01/13/1844

Age: 90

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Catherine Breshkovsky (nee Verigo) Ekaterina K. (January 13, 1844, with Ivanov Nevelsky in Vitebsk province, -.... 12 September 1934, p Praise-Pocernice, near Prague..). From the landlord family. Childhood and adolescence spent in the estate Lugovets (Mglin in. Chernigov guo.), Received a good education at home. In the memoirs of Catherine Breshkovsky he wrote: "... all the time and suffered heart ached for someone: for the driver, for the maid, for the worker, for the oppressed peasants" ( "Grandmother EK Catherine Breshkovsky about itself ... ", P., 1917, p. 2). It was in these years, she thought, it was ripe firm resolve "to live only for the people." After the reform of 1861, at 17 years of age, began to fight for the realization of the ideal of a bright future, eventually earning the name "Grandma Russian. Roar-tion." "Her societies, biography, - wrote Alexander Kerensky in history dedicated to her nekrologe- roar of movement for three quarters of a century ... without it can no longer do the story itself, because without spiritual Grandmothers uscherblennoy proved to modern Russia." ( " Sovrem. notes "1934, number 56, p. 394). Catherine Breshkovsky 10 years working in the created cross it, school and concurrently. created the S & sberegat. cash, mutual, cooperative, organized the peasants before the election judges y. council. In the beginning. 1870. Catherine Breshkovsky already a married woman, it was clear "that the prospect of fear consciousness of the people and trying to keep it in the injustice of slavery," it made to seek "other. Ways to work for the benefit of the people dear to me ... I decided to go to Russia, with them to take the path of struggle against illegal "(" Grandmother EK ..., p. 3). There was a kind of emotional, sincere commitment to religion, in its world outlook ideas of Christianity mingled with the ideas narodnich. socialism. from 1873 he was a member. mug "Tchaikovsky" -. org-tion, decided "to get to the people personally, not just through books and leaflets" (ibid) One of the creators of "Kiev commune", under the name of soldier`s Thecla Diagon participated in the "going to the people" in. . September 1874 was arrested, stayed until the Court of St. 3 years on "process 193" (October 1877 -.. January 1878).. he said it is pleased "to belong to the social. and roar. Party of Russia "and therefore does not accept this verdict of the court." to 5 years of factory work ": to Carian prison became the first female politkatorzhankoy In 1879 he moved to settle in Barguzin, summer 1880 tried to run for this government sentenced Catherine Breshkovsky to 4.. years of hard labor and corporal punishment of 40 lashes, to-Roe decided not to apply for fear of political revolt in 1882, after a year in prison, penal servitude again to Kara in 1885-93 -... on the settlement in Selenginsk then lived in Irkutsk, after an amnesty on the occasion of the coronation of Nicholas II in September. 1896 returned to Europe. Russia. Since 1898 again on neleg. position.

In 1899 Catherine Breshkovsky with GA Gershuni participated in the creation of a "Working Party his political emancipation of Russia." In the fall of 1901 with Gershuni had initiated the establishment of Battle org-tion of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (ERP), to-heaven until 1905 has made 4 major terroristich. act. She is also in the hands of the AKP. After the defeat of the Socialist-Revolutionaries in 1903 he emigrated to Switzerland. He participated in the preparation of propaganda cadres. In August. 1904 cases. Amsterdam Congress of the 2nd International; He traveled to the United States to raise money for the needs of the party. In May 1905 he returned to Russia. Throughout the Revolution of it was on neleg. position. From underground welcomed the 1st Congress of the AKP (December 29, 1905 -. January 4, 1906.). In Feb. 1907 at the 2nd congress of the AKP advocated a bloc with the Cadets. In September, he was given EF Azev and arrested in Simbirsk. Before the trial 2 years 9 months. contained in Petropavl. Fortress. In 1910 he was sentenced (for belonging to SEP) to the link in the Lower. Ilim, and then in Kirensk. In 1914, after an unsuccessful attempt to escape from prison in Irkutsk prison, followed by a link to Yakutsk, the return due to illness in the Irkutsk and 1916 (up to the February. Revolution of) exile in Minusinsk.

March 4, 1917 "Minusinskaya Mountains. City Council in corpore was to congratulate the grandmother with the victory and the triumph of its ideas." She "was given to return to the Russian spec. Car, and it was a solid return in triumph" (Popov II, EK Catherine Breshkovsky. Grandma Russian. Roar-tion, P., 1917, p. 34) . Arrived at stake. April. in Moscow, where it rapidly honored at Gore. Duma Council taxiway K-those societies. org-tion. Start active in support of Time. Prospect Island, constantly making agitpoezdki around the country and especially to protect against attacks Kerensky - "worthy of the worthy citizens of the Russian land, ... a citizen, his resolute and courageous in word and manner of action which saved Russia in the revolutionary days of the February revolution" (ibid: . 40). At his suggestion, in Petrograd he lived in the Winter Palace. She writes and publishes his autobiography. a series of brochures, in-ryh available to DOS sets. the position of the SR program and at the same answers the burning questions that agitated people. Speaking about the inaugural. Coll., Catherine Breshkovsky sees it not only "the foundation on a rum will build a magnificent crystal temple Free Russia", but also recommends to "choose people ... to- esch