Date of Birth: 10/22/1934
Place of birth: Krasnodar
1958 - graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, at the invitation of Budker joined the newly founded Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS (Novosibirsk).
1975 - defended his doctoral thesis (topic: "Hold mnogoprobochnoj plasma in a magnetic field").
From 1975 to 2005 - Head of the Laboratory, in 1988-2005 - Deputy Director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (RAS). Since 2005 till now - Adviser of the RAS.
Currently head of the Department of Plasma Physics at NSU.
The scientific activity
1960: work on the creation nondemolition (contactless) plasma diagnostics, including development and implementation of an experiment in laser high-temperature plasma diagnostics. For work related to the implementation of these research methods of optical interferometry for experiments to measure the electron temperature and density in the stream of fast-moving plasma, for the first time conducted the measurement of plasma heating behind the front of a collisionless shock wave in 1986 EP Kruglyakov he was awarded the State Prize THE USSR.
1970: participation in the experimental determination of the limit of dielectric strength of water. The practical result of this work was to increase the electrical resistance of water 4-5 times (equivalent to the growth of the energy content of unit volume of water is about 20 times). In the years 1972-1975 the experimental group, led by EP Kruglyakova, elegant experiment conducted on plasma confinement in a magnetic trap mnogoprobochnoj. As a result, the basic ideas were confirmed multimirror plasma confinement principle, the proposed GI Budker, VV and DD Mirnov Ryutov.
Further work EP Kruglyakova related to the study of collective effects in plasma were performed on established under his leadership, the GOL-1 (the first in the USSR installation, which began otrabotyvatsya process automation thermonuclear experimental) and GOL-M. In these plants, creation of the first control system, parameter control, high sensitivity noise-proof measuring systems with high time resolution, the first analog-to-digital converters.
Widely known made under the direction of EP study Kruglyakova strong Langmuir turbulence in plasma, which gave a number of results that are important for understanding the physics of plasma, heated by a high-current relativistic electron beam. For a series of these studies Academician EP Kruglyakov and Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences LN Vyacheslavova he was awarded the RAS name Artsimovich.
In recent years the EP Kruglyakov headed the Institute of Nuclear Physics, scientific direction - research on plasma physics and controlled thermonuclear fusion.
The popularization of science and social activities
Since 1998 E. Kruglyakov chairs the Commission of Sciences to combat pseudoscience and falsification of scientific research.
Edward Kruglyakov - author of several popular science articles and publications aimed at combating pseudoscience, which received wide publicity. He has published four non-fiction books: "What is happening to us?", "" Scientists, "the high road" (number 1, 2 and 3). "For the best work on the popularization of science" In 2005, EP Kruglyakov Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences awarded the prize of Russian Academy of Sciences.
On the initiative and under the direct supervision Kruglyakova publishing "Science" out regular newsletter, "In Defense of Science" in 2006.
Edward Kruglyakov - one of the authors of academicians` letter.
USSR State Prize Laureate
Order "Badge of Honor"
Order of Friendship
Order "Public Recognition"
Award RAS name Artsimovich
Russian Academy of Sciences Award "for the best work on the popularization of science"