Edward Miner Gallaudet
Date of Birth: 05/02/1837
Place of Birth: Hartford
Citizenship: United States
Edward Miner Gallaudet was born February 5, 1837 th, in Hartford, Connecticut (Hartford, Connecticut). He was the son of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Sophia Fowler Gallaudet (Sophia Fowler Gallaudet). As a young man, Edward loved to work with tools, and fiddling with electrical devices. He kept the birds and rabbits, spending most of their time in the city, but sometimes traveled inland.
Gallaudet loved to climb the hills with his father, who also owes his love of geometry. His father died when 14-year-old Edward graduated from the school of Hartford (Hartford High School). Field, he went to work in a bank, where lasted three years. It is very strained monotonous life of a bank employee, and from 1855 till 1857 he worked as the first teacher in the school, which was founded by his father, rejecting all flattering offers from other banks. At the same time Gallaudet went on to be educated at Trinity College (Trinity College) in Hartford, where two years later came out with a degree.
In 1857 th American politician and US Postmaster General Kendall Amos (Amos Kendall) donated two acres of land to build a school for the deaf and blind in Washington, DC (Washington, DC), asked Gallaudet to come to Washington to help the school take place. Edward immediately agreed and became the first director of the Colombian institution for the deaf and blind (Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Blind).
From 1864 till 1910 the first president of Gallaudet was Gallaudet College (Gallaudet College) 46 years old; 1857 th and 1910 th - the leading administrator of `54 and from 1864-th to 1911-th - the Chairman of the Board of Directors for 47 years. He was a strong supporter of the use of sign language. Gallaudet found favor education of deaf speech, but also stated that it is not available to every deaf person.
Edward received honorary degrees from Trinity College in 1859-m (MA) and in 1869 (Doctor of Law); from Columbia University (later George Washington University / George Washington University) in 1869 (Ph.D.) and from Yale University (Yale University) in 1895 (Doctor of Law).
He contributed to the development of magazines such as `American Annals of the Deaf`,` New Englander`, `International Review`,` Penn Monthly` and `Harper`s Monthly`. In 1879-m Gallaudet published work `International pravu` Guide (` Manual of International Law`), which today is used as a textbook in many colleges. In 1887 he published his book `Life of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudeta` ( `Life of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet`) about his father.
After his first visit to Europe in 1867-m Edward published a report on the European Schools for the Deaf. The second official visit to Europe was in 1880, when he went as a delegate to the international convention for teachers of the deaf in Milan (Milan). He took an active part in the convention, which commented on the work of the London newspaper `Times` and several US magazines.
In 1886, Dr. Gallaudet received an invitation from the British Government, and visited London in November to appear before the Royal Commission, which considers questions of training the blind, deaf and dumb people. He realized that his methods, approved in the United States, should have an important influence on the formation of the Commission policy, a positive recommendation which will go directly to the Parliament.
Edward 30 years was the chairman of the executive committee of the American Convention of institutions for the deaf. He was a founding member and president of the club `Cosmos Club`, took the reins of the Literary Society of Washington (Literary Society of Washington) from Garfield (Garfield) and was an active member of the American Association of Social Sciences (American Social Science Association).
Dr. Gallaudet was chairman of the department of education - a member of the Philosophical and Anthropological Society in Washington, DC (Philosophical and Anthropological societies of Washington), the American Historical Society (American Historical Society) and the Society for the Huguenots (Huguenot Society).
Edson Fessenden Gallaudet (Edson Fessenden Gallaudet), the fifth child of Edward and the second child of his second wife Susan (Susan), was a pioneer in the field of aviation. He spent the first experiment with the deformations of the wing and established the first aviation factory in America.
After his retirement from the College of Gallaudet returned to his hometown of Hartford, Connecticut. He died September 26, 1917 and is buried in the cemetery Cedar Hill (Cedar Hill Cemetery) in Hartford. His statue, erected in honor of his life and his work, is located on the campus of Gallaudet University. It was the sculptor Pietro Lazzari (Pietro Lazzari).
`Deafness, whether congenital or acquired, does not impose any restrictions on the intellectual development of man, with the exception of only one direction - understanding of sound yavleniy`.