Date of Birth: 04/27/1737
Place of Birth: near London
Citizenship: United Kingdom
In 1752 he entered at Magdalen College, Oxford University, which he gave very little. Here he became a Catholic - a step that meant farewell to Oxford and state career. Alarmed by his father sent him to Lausanne (Switzerland) in the care of a Protestant pastor Daniel Paviyyara, where he lived for five years. In Switzerland Gibbon renounced Catholicism, wrote blshuyu of his first book, became friends with Georges Deverdyu and fell in love with Suzanne Kursch, but was forced to break up with her, met the disapproval of his father and being unable to support his family without his help.
In 1760-1762 Gibbon served in self-defense unit in South Hampshire. His first book - A Study on the study of literature (Essai sur l`tude de la litrature) was published in 1761. Gibbon kept a diary (published in 1929 D.Lou titled Diary Gibbon until 1763, Gibbon`s Journal to 1763). When in 1763 the Seven Years` War was over, he went to Paris and then to Lausanne. Diary, which he kept at the time, was published in 1945 Zh.Bonnarom (Diary Gibbon in Lausanne, Le Journal de Gibbon Lausanne). Then, the future historian traveled to Italy, where he planned to write a great work on the history of Rome. In Rome, he met John Holroyd, the future Lord Sheffield, who became his close friend.
From 1765 he lived with his father in Beritone, with Deverdyu worked on the magazine `Literary Monuments Velikobritanii` (` Mmoires littraires de la Grande Bretagne`), two editions of which were published in 1768 and 1769. In 1770, Gibbon published anonymously Criticisms of the sixth book of the Aeneid (Critical Observations on the Sixth book of the Aeneid). The first volume of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire came out in 1776. The book was a huge success, although some critical articles forced him to write in 1779 the answer: In defense of some places in the ... Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (A Vindication of Some Passages in the. .. Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire). The second and third volumes of the book were published in 1781.
Gibbon, a supporter of Lord North, was a member of parliament in 1774-1784 and Head of the Trade Council from 1779. In July 1779, he wrote in defense of the foreign policy of the Memorandum against accusations by the French court (Mmoire justificatif pour servir de rponse l`expos de la cour de France). When the Trade Council was abolished in 1782, Gibbon had to save money, and he decided to move to Lausanne, where he lived in the house Deverdyu `La Grot` in 1783-1793, he returned briefly to England in 1787-1788, to monitor the output of the last three Decline and Fall volumes. Deverdyu Death shortly after his return, his own precarious health threat to peace on the part of the French troops marred posledniegody Gibbon. In 1793, he hurriedly returned to England to support Lord Sheffield after the death of his wife. Gibbon subsequently lived in London and Sheffield Park in Sussex. Gibbon died in London on January 16, 1794.
Composition, has immortalized the name of Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, covering the period from the end of 2. BC (Reign of Commodus) to the fall of Constantinople in 1453 (originally planned Gibbon bring their work before the fall of the Western Roman Empire, but then expanded it, adding to the three already released three volumes). Perhaps it was the first in the western literature, historical writing, addressed, in spite of the scientific, to the general public and which found she had an enthusiastic reception. Thanks to the magnificent style of the book read on and now, even though it contained many representations have long been overcome, and the overall educational and anti-Christian pathos looks outdated.